Each year around 1,300 Australians die overseas, usually through illness or accident. The death of a loved one is always distressing for family and friends and when the death occurs overseas, this can make the circumstances even more difficult.
The death of an Australian overseas can involve complications in organising the funeral, repatriation and other administrative arrangements and formalities. These processes can seem unfamiliar and unnecessarily demanding for family or friends, whose priority is often to bring their loved one home.
This page provides information to help you understand what consular staff in Australia and overseas can do to assist during this difficult time. It also provides guidance on what should be done when a relative or a travelling companion dies overseas.
When Australians travel abroad, they leave behind Australia's support systems, emergency service capabilities and medical facilities. The Australian Government will do what it can to help families and friends who have lost a loved one overseas. However, there are legal and practical limits to what can be done on their behalf.
Travel insurance that covers costs incurred as a result of death can significantly reduce the stress on loved ones. Insurance companies will generally provide advice on, and take care of, most of the arrangements and costs associated with a local funeral or the return of the deceased to Australia.
Unfortunately, many Australians travel overseas without adequate insurance cover. If an Australian dies overseas and is not covered by travel insurance, it becomes their family's responsibility to make the funeral arrangements and meet the costs involved, such as returning the deceased to Australia.
We strongly recommend that all Australians travelling overseas take out travel insurance to cover the costs of hospitalisation and medical treatment should they become ill overseas, as well as costs incurred as a result of death.
What we can do
We provide consular services through our headquarters in Canberra and though Australian embassies, high commissions and consulates. The information below details what we can do to assist Australians who have lost a relative or friend overseas. We can often help with our knowledge and understanding of the local environment, but we must also work within the legal and administrative processes that apply in the foreign country.
- assist family and friends to understand the legal and administrative processes that apply in that country
- provide a list of local funeral directors and lawyers
- liaise with the local funeral director so they are aware of Australian quarantine regulations
- provide advice on how family and friends can obtain translations if an English-speaking funeral service company is not available
- advise on the estimated cost of local burial, local cremation or transport of the deceased back to Australia
- advise on how to transfer funds from Australia to meet any costs
- assist, if necessary, to identify the body
- assist with obtaining quarantine clearance for the return of the remains
- provide advice on managing media enquiries.
What we cannot do
- recommend a funeral director or lawyer
- investigate the death of an Australian citizen
- provide translation or interpreter services
- pay burial or cremation expenses
- pay for or organise the return of the remains to Australia
- take responsibility for freighting personal effects
- make legal representations or become involved in legal issues surrounding the circumstances of the death or matters relating to a deceased estate
- pay any outstanding debts the deceased may have.
The Consular Services Charter sets out the standards of service all Australians can expect to receive from consular staff, including what they can and cannot do.
Death of a family member
What happens if a family member dies overseas?
Under international law, the nearest Australian mission (embassy, consulate or high commission) should always be notified of the death of an Australian citizen.
If a tour company or a friend notifies us of the death of an Australian overseas, we'll always confirm the information with the local authorities in that country. We'll then contact the police in the relevant Australian state or territory, who will visit the family (or other contact nominated in the deceased's passport application) to inform them of the death and provide our contact details to them. We can then provide the family or nominated contact with further details about the death and advise the steps that need to be taken overseas.
It's important to understand that it is the responsibility of the funeral directors appointed overseas and in Australia to make repatriation and funeral arrangements on behalf of the family or next of kin and in accordance with their wishes.
While consular staff will make every effort to ensure that relatives don't first learn of a death via the media, this cannot always be prevented. If you hear of the death from a journalist, a tour operator or any other third party, you should contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 (from anywhere in the world) or 1300 555 135 (from within Australia). We will seek to confirm the death with local authorities and provide advice to immediate family or next of kin on how best to manage media enquiries.
Does the family or next of kin have to travel to the country?
It's not necessary for family or next of kin to travel to the overseas country unless they wish to. The Australian mission in the country can assist by providing the family or next of kin with a list of local funeral directors, who will liaise with Australian funeral directors regarding funeral and repatriation arrangements in accordance with the family or next of kin's wishes.
Do I need to register the death in Australia?
In most cases, a death can be registered with the local authorities in the location in which the death occurred.
Where this is not possible, you should approach the births, deaths and marriages registry in the Australian state or territory where the person lived. If they are unable to assist, you may also be able to register the death with the Registrar of Deaths Abroad.
Death of a travelling companion
What should I do if my travelling companion dies?
It's important that the death of any Australian overseas is reported to an Australian mission. Contact details for Australian missions are available at dfat.gov.au/missions.
Ideally, you'll need the following details about the deceased if you report the death:
- full name
- date of birth
- passport number, place and date of issue
- immediate family member or close friend
- whether they were suffering from any communicable illness
- whether they had travel insurance and if so, the name and contact details of the company.
If the death is unexpected and didn't occur in a hospital, the local police will be involved. If you haven't yet reported the death, the police should immediately notify the nearest Australian mission. The relevant state or territory police in Australia can help to notify the family or other contacts in Australia.
Returning to Australia
What happens to the remains?
The family or next of kin will be consulted on options for local burial, cremation or repatriation of the deceased back to Australia, and the Australian mission and local funeral directors will make every effort to meet the wishes of the deceased or their next of kin. However, in some countries and in certain circumstances, local regulations and conditions may require a quick decision on what to do with the remains. In some cases, local authorities may require an autopsy before a death certificate or other documentation can be issued.
How long will it take for the remains to be returned to Australia?
The time required to return the deceased to Australia depends on local regulations and circumstances. In some cases, it can take several weeks. It may take longer if, for example, there is a need for an autopsy or coronial enquiry to determine the cause of death.
Getting help overseas
Contact details for Australian missions overseas are available on the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.
Australia has an agreement with Canada to provide consular assistance to Australians in some countries. Contact details for Canadian missions providing consular assistance to Australians are also available on the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade website.
The 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra can be contacted for assistance from anywhere in the world on +61 2 6261 3305, or on 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Contact the travel insurance provider
Travel insurance companies often have 24-hour assistance centres that you can contact from anywhere in the world. If your family member or travelling companion dies overseas, you should also contact their travel insurance provider as soon as possible. Consider leaving travel insurance policy details with family or friends back home in the case they need to access this information quickly.
Australians overseas who need counselling services can contact our Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 to be transferred to a Lifeline telephone crisis supporter.