- We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution in Mozambique because of high levels of serious crime. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks. Avoid travelling at night.
- There has been an increase in violent criminal activity, including kidnapping in Maputo and Beira. You should avoid walking at night, even in well-known tourist areas, and avoid isolated beaches. See Safety and security.
- You should be particularly vigilant in Sofala province, particularly in remote areas around the Gorongosa hills, Muxungue, Chibabava, Maringue, Macossa and Canzxixi where banditry and politically-motivated violence have been reported.
- Demonstrations can occur with little warning. You should avoid all demonstrations and protests as they may become violent.
- See Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
- organise comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy
- register your travel and contact details, so we can contact you in an emergency
- subscribe to this travel advice to receive free email updates each time it's reissued
- follow us on Facebook and Twitter.
Entry and exit
Mozambican visas can be arranged prior to travelling through the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Mozambique. There have been reports of travellers having difficulties obtaining visas on arrival. Be aware that visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice.
Australians travelling to or from Mozambique through South Africa (including transiting) should read the Entry and exit section of our travel advice for South Africa. South Africa has introduced specific documentation requirements for all children travelling to South Africa. You should also note South Africa’s Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate requirements and be aware that it does not accept provisional travel documents (i.e. one page travel documents).
If you are arriving from a country where yellow fever is present, a valid Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required.
Make sure your passport has at least six months’ validity from your planned date of return to Australia.
Safety and security
Civil unrest/Political tension
There were armed clashes between the Mozambican government security forces and the Renamo opposition party in the months leading up the elections in October 2014. There have been no further clashes since the 2014 elections.
However, we advise greater caution when travelling in Sofala province, particularly in remote areas around the Gorongosa hills and Muxungue, Chibabava, Maringue, Macossa and Canxixi where tensions still exist.
You should avoid demonstrations and large public gatherings as they may turn violent. Demonstrations can occur with little warning. You should monitor the media and other local information sources for details about possible safety and security threats.
We advise you to exercise a high degree of caution because of high levels of serious crime. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times and monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.
Violent attacks, including sexual assault, can occur at any time of day. Serious assault and robberies have occurred at two coastal resorts in the Inhambane province. Isolated beaches and picnic spots should be avoided. Criminal activity increases at night and during holiday periods. You should avoid walking at night, even in well-known tourist areas.
Petty crime is common throughout the country, especially muggings and bag snatching. Foreigners have been targeted.
Armed robbery and break-ins are common in Maputo and in other towns. There have been a number of restaurants and cafes targeted after dark by gangs of armed robbers.
Due to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, victims of violent crime, especially rape, are strongly encouraged to seek immediate medical assistance.
Carjacking is common, particularly in Maputo and on routes to Mutare, Zimbabwe and South Africa. You should avoid travelling at night.
Kidnappings occur in Maputo and have also been known to occur in Beira. While the majority of victims have been Mozambican nationals, foreigners have been threatened. The kidnappings have occurred in public areas and have been perpetrated by armed individuals. You should be cautious about your surroundings and avoid displays of obvious wealth.
Visitors should not expect the same level of service from police in Mozambique as they would in Australia.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See Terrorist Threat Worldwide.
Money and valuables
There are several ATMs in Maputo from which local currency (the metical) can be obtained using a credit card. In addition, US dollars and South African rand can be changed in all urban centres across Mozambique. Travellers' cheques in US dollars or Euros are accepted at major banks in Maputo but can only be changed for local currency. Travellers' cheques are very difficult to change in other areas of Mozambique and a high rate of commission is charged where the facility does exist. Only a few hotels and restaurants in major urban centres accept credit cards. Keep your credit card in sight at all times when using it. The export or import of local currency is prohibited.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Driving in Mozambique can be hazardous due to poor road conditions, local driving practices and inadequate lighting. It is especially dangerous to drive after dark in rural areas. Drivers should look out for pedestrians and livestock, especially in rural areas.
During the rainy season (November to April) travel by four-wheel drive vehicle is recommended for most road travel outside Maputo. Many roads in the Gaza and Inhambane provinces and parts of Sofala, Zambezia and Tete provinces, including the North-South road, are subject to flooding and damage in the rainy season. For further advice, see our road travel page.
There have been reports of pedestrians deliberately causing accidents in order to extort money from foreign drivers.
Checkpoints are common throughout Mozambique and drivers should obey police signals to stop. There have been reports of police soliciting bribes from tourists.
Unmarked minefields are found away from the main road networks in remote, rural areas, especially in the central and southern provinces. Travellers should remain on well-travelled roads.
Piracy occurs in the Indian Ocean. To the north of Mozambique’s waters, attacks by pirates against all forms of shipping around Somalia's waters and the Gulf of Aden continue to occur. The International Maritime Bureau issues piracy reports. See also our piracy bulletin for more information.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Mozambique.
Please also refer to our general air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
You are subject to the local laws of Mozambique, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
It is required by law that you carry identification at all times (passport, identity documents or notarised copies).
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include prison sentences. See our Drugs page.
Homosexual activity is illegal and penalties may include being placed on a good behaviour bond, probation or internment in a workhouse or agricultural colony for up to three years. See our LGBTI travellers page.
Government buildings, other infrastructure and officials should not be photographed without permission from the Ministry of Information.
It is illegal to export or import the local currency (meticais).
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Australian authorities are committed to combating sexual exploitation of children by Australians overseas. Australians may be prosecuted at home under Australian child sex tourism and child pornography laws. These laws provide severe penalties of up to 25 years imprisonment for Australians who engage in child sexual exploitation while outside of Australia.
If you are detained or arrested, the authorities in Mozambique may not automatically notify the Australian Government. As soon as possible, you should request police or prison officials to notify the Australian High Commission in the Pretoria, South Africa.
Information for dual nationals
See our Dual nationals page.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
Medical facilities in Mozambique are limited. While costs are generally lower than in Australia, up-front payment will be required before receiving treatment regardless of whether the patient has travel insurance. In the event of serious illness or injury, medical evacuation to a country with state-of-the-art medical facilities may be required. This can be very expensive. Medical evacuation to South Africa from Mozambique can cost up to A$25,000.
Malaria is prevalent throughout the year in Mozambique. Other insect-borne diseases (including filariasis, plague and African sleeping sickness) are also common. We encourage you to take prophylaxis against malaria and take measures to avoid insect bites including using insect repellent at all times, wearing long, loose-fitting, light coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
The rate of HIV/AIDS infection in Mozambique is high. You should exercise appropriate precautions if engaging in activities that expose you to the risk of infection.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including cholera, hepatitis, tuberculosis and rabies) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. It is recommended that all drinking water be boiled or that you drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes and raw or undercooked food. Do not swim in fresh water to avoid exposure to certain water-borne diseases such as bilharzia (schistosomiasis). Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Where to get help
Depending on the nature of your enquiry, your best option may be to contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurer. Your travel insurer should have a 24 hour emergency number.
For criminal issues, contact the local police. You should obtain a police report when reporting a crime. There is no national emergency number in Mozambique.
If the matter relates to complaints about tourism services or products, contact the service provider directly.
The Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and can't do to assist Australians overseas. Australia has a Consulate in Mozambique, headed by an Honorary Consul, who can provide limited consular and passport assistance. The Honorary Consul currently works remotely, and can be contacted at:
Australian Honorary Consulate,
Mobile +258 84 300 9999
You can obtain full consular and passport assistance from the Australian High Commission, in Pretoria, South Africa:
Australian High Commission, Pretoria
See the High Commission website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
If you are travelling to Mozambique we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the above Embassy, you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305, or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
The rainy season is November to April when flash floods and mudslides can occur, making some roads impassable. Flooding occurs on low ground around rivers and coastal areas during the rainy season. Cyclones may occur along the coastal areas of Mozambique. Mozambique is also subject to earthquakes.
Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Humanitarian Early Warning Service. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.