- We advise you to exercise normal safety precautions in The Gambia. Exercise common sense and look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would in Australia. Monitor the media and other sources for changes to local travelling conditions.
- We advise you to reconsider your need to travel overland to and from The Gambia through the Casamance region in southern Senegal because of the unpredictable security situation and the risk of attack by armed bandits.
- Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in The Gambia. The Canadian Embassy located in Dakar, Senegal, can provide consular assistance to Australians in The Gambia. This service includes the issuance of Provisional Travel Documents. The Australian High Commission in Nigeria can also assist Australians.
- See Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
- organise comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy
- register your travel and contact details, so we can contact you in an emergency
- subscribe to this travel advice to receive free email updates each time it's reissued
- follow us on Facebook and Twitter.
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the nearest Embassy of The Gambia for the most up to date information.
A compulsory Airport Development Fee must be paid on exiting the country. The fee is 20 Euros, or equivalent in local currency. Travellers can pay using a Visa credit card, but not other credit cards. You should check with your travel agent or airline whether the fee is included in your air ticket.
The Gambia is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as endemic for yellow fever. Yellow fever is a serious and potentially fatal disease preventable by vaccination. A valid Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required for entry into The Gambia (see Health).
As the quarantine requirements for yellow fever vaccination differ between countries, we recommend that you check the yellow fever entry requirements for all countries you intend to enter or transit by contacting their foreign missions in Australia. Some airlines may require passengers to present a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate before being allowed to board flights out of the country. For more information about yellow fever, including Australian re-entry requirements, see the Department of Health website.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia.
Safety and security
There are reports of crime against tourists, including the theft of passports, theft of valuables from hotel rooms and theft from vehicles. Pickpockets are active in crowded market areas and on ferries in The Gambia, as well as along the beaches in tourist resort areas. Tourists have been mugged while walking alone along beaches at night. Take particular care when visiting isolated villages and markets.
Both male and female visitors should be particularly cautious of young men locally known as 'bumsters' who approach tourists, particularly on beaches, offering help as a local guide. Bumsters often also use romance in the hope of gaining money and other assistance, or in the hope of departing The Gambia through marriage to a Westerner. Travellers should be polite but firm in turning down unwanted assistance or attempts at conversation.
Commercial and internet fraud is prevalent and often originates in West African countries. Victims have been deceived by hoax business proposals and defrauded. Those who travel to the originating country have had their lives endangered. Some victims have been killed. Criminals have been known to seek details of 'safe' bank accounts overseas under the pretence of transferring large sums of money (as a donation or for a percentage of the amount involved). They may also provide fake cashier cheques for 'urgent' shipments of large quantities of goods, request sizeable fees for a fake government contract and extort money from individuals they have convinced to travel to Africa for a business opportunity. If you are a victim of a financial scam, we advise you to obtain legal advice and not to travel to Africa to seek restitution as there is a risk of physical assault from the perpetrators. Victims have been kidnapped for ransom. Our international scams page provides more detail on these types of scams.
Bogus internet friendship, dating and marriage schemes are operating from some African countries. These scams typically result from connections made through internet dating schemes or chat rooms. Once a virtual friendship develops, the Australian citizen may be asked by their friend or prospective marriage partner to send money to supposedly enable travel to Australia. In some cases the relationship is terminated with very little chance that any funds can be recovered. In other cases, foreigners may be lured to Africa to meet their friend or prospective marriage partner and can become victims of crime including kidnapping, assault and robbery.
Civil unrest/Political tension
There are a number of security checkpoints in and around the city. Expect vehicles to be searched if stopped by security personnel.
Trans-Gambia Highway: In February 2016, Senegal closed their borders with The Gambia on the Trans-Gambia highway. As at April 2016, borders on the Trans-Gambia highway remain closed and the two countries were still negotiating a resolution.
Casamance region in southern Senegal: We advise you to reconsider your need to travel overland to and from The Gambia through the Casamance region in southern Senegal because of the unpredictable security situation and the risk of attack by armed bandits. Travellers have been attacked on roads leading north into The Gambia from the Casamance region of Senegal.. See also our travel advice for Senegal.
There is a general threat of terrorism in The Gambia following recent attacks in Cote d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places visited by foreigners. See our Terrorist Threat Overseas bulletin.
Money and valuables
The Gambia is primarily a cash-based economy and the currency is the Dalasi. Credit cards are not widely accepted, however, credit card fraud can occur. You should keep your card in sight when making purchases. It can be difficult to change foreign currency other than British Pounds (Sterling) outside of Banjul and the Atlantic coast resorts. There are a limited number of ATMs in The Gambia.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Driving can be dangerous due to the bad condition of roads, unsafe driving practices, poorly maintained vehicles, insufficient street lighting, and pedestrians, especially when driving at night and outside urban areas. Some local taxis are not roadworthy. Windows should remain up and doors locked while driving.
There have been reports of travellers being attacked on roads leading north into The Gambia from the Casamance region of Senegal. See also our travel advice for Senegal.
Police roadblocks are common on all major routes in The Gambia and you may be asked to show identity documentation and vehicle registration and ownership papers. Travellers are recommended to carry photographic ID at all times.
In February 2016, Senegal closed their borders with The Gambia on the Trans-Gambia highway. As at April 2016, borders on the Trans-Gambia highway remain closed and the two countries were still negotiating a resolution.
Torrential rain can cause floods and landslides in The Gambia during the rainy season (June to October). You should monitor local weather reports, especially during this period.
For further advice on road safety, see our road travel page.
Travel on river craft, including ferries and wooden pirogues, is dangerous as they can be overloaded and lack necessary lifesaving equipment. In February 2014 there was a serious accident involving a ferry operating between Banjul and Barra which resulted in the death of a foreign tourist. Exercise caution if using river transport and avoid all travel at night.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in The Gambia.
Please also refer to our general air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
You are subject to the local laws of The Gambia, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you’re arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. In addition, The Gambian Government routinely blocks consular access to foreign nationals in detention. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Penalties for drug offences in The Gambia are severe and include lengthy imprisonment. Westerners have been sentenced to up to ten years in prison for carrying small amounts of cannabis. See our Drugs page.
Penalties for arson, treason and murder include the death penalty.
Offences such as assault, sexual assault, theft and serious driving offences attract corporal punishment.
Homosexual acts are illegal and penalties include from five years to lifetime imprisonment. Be aware that there has been a recent increase in anti-LGBTI rhetoric, including by officials, in The Gambia. See our LGBTI travellers page.
It is illegal to photograph military and official installations in and around airports.
Travellers carrying prescription medication should carry their prescriptions and keep all medication in its original labelled packaging. Skin-bleaching creams and some medications are subject to strict import/export laws. The import, use and possession of certain prescription and over the counter drugs (including those containing codeine and diazepam) are banned. Other drugs containing hydroquinone, hydrocortisone, betamethasone, flucinonide, clobestatol, clobestatone are also banned. Penalties include fines of up to US$2,000 and/or three years imprisonment. If in doubt, you should check with the nearest Embassy or Consulate of The Gambia well in advance of travel.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Information for dual nationals
While the government of The Gambia recognises dual nationality, government officials may place restrictions on the ability of Australian officials to provide consular assistance to Australian/Gambian dual nationals if they are detained or arrested. We recommend you travel on your Australian passport at all times.
Our Dual nationals page provides further information.
The Gambia is a predominantly Islamic country. There are conservative standards of dress and behaviour in The Gambia and you should take care not to offend.
The Islamic holy month of Ramadan is expected to begin in early June 2016. During Ramadan, Australians travelling to countries with significant Muslim communities should take care to respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. In particular, people who are not fasting are advised to avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public and in the presence of people who are fasting. For more information see our Ramadan travel bulletin.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
It is important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. We encourage you to consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
Medical facilities in The Gambia are very limited. Most doctors and hospitals will expect immediate cash payment for medical care.
In the event of an illness or accident, medical evacuation to a destination with appropriate facilities would be necessary. Medical evacuation costs could exceed A$100,000.
Travellers carrying prescription medication should carry their prescriptions and keep all medication in its original packaging, clearly labelled.
Malaria is endemic throughout the year in The Gambia. Dengue fever also occurs in the region. We encourage you to consider taking medication against malaria and to take measures to avoid mosquito bites, including using insect repellent at all times, wearing long loose-fitting and light coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
Water-borne, food-borne, parasitic and other infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS, cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, leptospirosis, meningitis, tuberculosis and rabies) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We recommend you boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Do not swim in fresh water to avoid exposure to certain water-borne diseases such as bilharzia (schistosomiasis). Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
The Gambia is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as endemic for yellow fever. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, which is preventable by vaccination. We strongly recommend that you are vaccinated against yellow fever before travelling to The Gambia. See the Entry and Exit section for important information about vaccination certificate requirements. For more information about yellow fever, see the Department of Health website.
The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in west Africa is the most serious in recorded history, however there have been no confirmed cases of EVD in The Gambia. Health screening is in place for all arriving passengers at the airport. For information on regional travel implications, see the Ebola outbreak in west Africa travel bulletin.
Where to get help
Depending on your enquiry, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurance provider. Your travel insurer should have a 24 hour emergency number.
For criminal issues, contact the local police. The national emergency number is 116 for ambulance, 117 for police, and 118 for fire. These services may not have an English-speaking operator and emergency responders may lack fuel for vehicles or face other resource challenges.
For complaints about tourism services or products, contact the service provider directly.
The Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and can't do to assist Australians overseas.
Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in The Gambia. By agreement between the Canadian and Australian governments, the Canadian Embassy located in Dakar, Senegal, provides consular assistance to Australians in The Gambia. This service includes the issuance of Provisional Travel Documents. The address is:
Canadian Embassy, Dakar
You can also obtain consular assistance from the Australian High Commission in Nigeria:
Australian High Commission, Abuja
See the High Commission website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
Australian citizens in need of consular assistance may also contact the British High Commission in Banjul which is able to provide assistance to citizens of Commonwealth countries that do not have diplomatic or consular missions in The Gambia. This service does not include the issue of Australian passports.
British High Commission, Banjul
48 Atlantic Road
Telephone: 220 4495 133
Facsimile: 220 4496 134
If you are travelling to The Gambia, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency, if you are unable to contact the above missions you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
The rainy season is June to October when flooding may occur. Roads may be blocked due to flood waters. Information on natural disasters can be obtained from the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.