Reconsider your need to travel to Lebanon because of the unpredictable security situation caused by the conflict in neighbouring Syria and ongoing political and sectarian tensions. The situation could deteriorate without warning.
- If you travel to Lebanon, exercise extreme caution. Pay close attention to your personal security. Monitor the media and other local information sources for developments that could affect your safety and security. See
Safety and security.
- Terrorist attacks could occur anywhere, at any time, in Lebanon. Security services are at a heightened state of alert and are carrying out operations to thwart attacks. If you notice a security operation is underway, immediately leave the area. See
Safety and security.
- Recent indications suggest that extremists may be seeking to target Westerners in Lebanon, including Beirut. See
Safety and security.
- Protests over domestic and regional developments could occur at any time. Avoid large gatherings and demonstrations as they could turn violent. See Safety and security.
- Australian Embassy staff in Beirut have been advised against travelling on flights that cross Syrian airspace. Check your airline's flightpath before booking.
- Kidnappings have increased since 2014. Be vigilant about your personal security. Be aware of your surroundings at all times. See
Safety and security.
- Departure options may be severely limited during a crisis. The primary road between Beirut and the international airport can be blocked without warning, potentially for extended periods. You are responsible for ensuring you are able to depart Lebanon. Ensure your travel documentation remains up-to-date. Don't expect the Australian Government to facilitate your departure.
Do not travel to Beirut's southern suburbs (including Dahiyeh). This includes the area south of the Camille Chamoun Sports Stadium to the airport and east of the main airport road including the suburbs of Chiyah, Ghobeire, Haret Hreik, Bir el Abed, Borj el Barajne, Mraije, Roueiss, Lailake, Hay el Sellom, Tahouitit el Ghadir and Bir Hassan. It also includes west of the airport road and the area west of the airport highway to the coast, south from Adnon El Hakim Road to Abbas El Mousawi Road. See
Safety and security.
Do not travel to Tripoli and northern Lebanon north of a line from Tripoli to Sir Ed Dinniyeh and Arsal and to the northern regions of the Beka'a Valley extending east and north from Rayak. See
Safety and security.
Do not travel south of the Litani River, with the exception of the city of Tyre, because of the danger of landmines, unexploded ordnance and the uncertain security environment. See
Safety and security
Do not travel within five kilometres of the Syrian border, the Golan Heights, and Shebaa farms. Cross-border clashes are likely. See
Safety and security.
Do not travel to Palestinian refugee camps. Extremist groups operate inside the camps. The Lebanese state has no formal security presence in the camps.
- Carry personal identity documentation at all times. This is a required under Lebanese law.
- Respect local laws and customs at all times. Things which may not be considered crimes in Australia may be considered crimes in Lebanon.
- Religious law has the same standing as civil law, particularly regarding family law (marriage, divorce, child custody). Australians and Australian-Lebanese dual nationals, including mothers with children, have been stopped from leaving Lebanon after relatives legally placed border alerts (known as 'stop orders') on them. The process of raising a 'stop order' may not be complicated. The Australian Government can't prevent or overturn a 'stop order', including on an Australian citizen. See
Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
Entry and exit
Most nationalities, including Australians, can get tourist visas for Lebanon on arrival.
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the nearest
Embassy or Consulate of Lebanon for the most up-to-date visa information.
It's against Lebanese law to travel to Israel. If there is evidence that you've travelled to Israel, or intend to do so, you'll be refused entry to Lebanon, or deported. If you have travelled or intend to travel to Israel and you're a citizen of Lebanon and/or other Arab nations, or a dual national, you can be arrested and imprisoned in Lebanon. Any citizen can be held for questioning for up to several days and then deported.
- Israeli exit or entry stamps in your passport
- Egyptian or Jordanian stamps from border crossings with Israel
- travel itineraries or tickets that include Israel as a destination.
Lebanese Border Control checks all travellers' names on arrival and departure against a database of border alerts (also known as 'stop orders'). Border alerts are raised where there are pending court cases and/or warrants for those wanted for, or convicted of, offences in Lebanon.
If your name matches an entry on the database you may be detained unless you can prove that the record does not relate to you. Carry supporting documentation such as a copy of your birth certificate or other official documentation. Travellers have been detained because of cases of mistaken identity.
Make sure your passport is valid for at least six months from the date you intend to return to Australia.
Your passport is a valuable document and attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Always keep it in a safe place.
Be aware of attempts to obtain your passport by deception. If you are forced to handover your passport, contact the Embassy for advice.
By law, you must, as soon as possible:
Both US dollars and Lebanese lira (also known as Lebanese Pounds) are accepted throughout Lebanon.
Safety and security
Reconsider travel to Lebanon because of the unpredictable security situation caused by the conflict in neighbouring Syria and ongoing political and sectarian tensions.
Be prepared to depart Lebanon quickly. In a crisis, you're responsible for your own departure. Don't depend on the Australian Government to facilitate your departure.
- Ensure your travel documentation is up-to-date so you can leave quickly
- Make sure you have passports for children born in Lebanon
- Make sure you have current passports for family members travelling with you.
If violence escalates, roads and highways could quickly become blocked, including routes to airports and borders. Heavy demand for available flights could limit your departure options.
Civil unrest and political tension
Political developments elsewhere in the region and international events may prompt large demonstrations or violence. Planned and spontaneous demonstrations occur.
There's an increased possibility of large-scale protests in Lebanon in response to the 6 December 2017 US announcement on Jerusalem, particularly after Friday noon prayers.
The ongoing conflict in neighbouring Syria is destabilising Lebanon. Violent incidents related to Syria, including car bombs, improvised explosive device (IED) attacks and rocket attacks, have occurred across Lebanon and will likely continue. Violence may spill over without warning.
Anti-government protests continue. Some have escalated into clashes between protesters and security forces. Water cannons, tear gas and live ammunition have been used to disperse crowds, resulting in injuries.
Demonstrations and large public gatherings can turn violent. You could be caught in violence directed at others.
- Avoid all crowds, protests and demonstrations where possible.
- Pay close attention to your personal security.
- Monitor the news and other sources for information on planned and possible unrest or strikes.
- Stay away from areas where violence has occurred or is likely to occur.
- Plan your activities to avoid potential unrest on days of national or commemorative significance.
- Be prepared to change your travel plans in case of disruptions.
- If you're in an area affected by clashes, stay indoors.
- Follow the advice of local authorities.
- Stay indoors during celebratory gunfire, which often occurs during and after political speeches.
- If you're affected by transport disruptions, contact your airline, travel agent or insurer for assistance.
- Leave Lebanon if you're concerned about your safety.
Between 2012-2016, several bombs were detonated in central Beirut, in areas popular with international tourists. Several people died and many were injured.
On occasion, main highways, including between central Beirut and the international airport, have been closed by groups protesting (or seeking to protest) against government policies, the situation in Syria, and/or destabilising the security environment.
Southern suburbs (Dahiyeh region) of Beirut
Do not travel to the southern suburbs of Beirut.
The southern suburbs are the area south of the Camille Chamoun Sports Stadium to the airport, east of the main airport road and west of the airport highway to the coast, south from Adnon El Hakim Road to Abbas El Mousawi Road. This includes the suburbs of:
- Haret Hreik
- Bir el Abed
- Borj el Barajne
- Hay el Sellom
- Tahouitit el Ghadir, and
- Bir Hassan.
On 12 November 2015, two suicide bomb attacks occurred outside a mosque and a bakery in Borj el Barajne, killing at least 43 people and wounding more than 200.
Since 2014, many rocket attacks and car bombs have targeted the area, causing deaths and injuries. These involved Lebanese nationals in the conflict in Syria.
More attacks are likely.
Tripoli and northern Lebanon north of a line from Tripoli to Sir Ed Dinniyeh and Arsal
Do not travel to Tripoli and northern Lebanon, north of the line from Tripoli to Sir Ed Dinniyeh and Arsal, due to ongoing clashes between Lebanese security forces and militants.
Lebanese authorities assess that extremists have sought refuge in northern Lebanon, including throughout the Akkar district.
On 10 January 2015, a suicide bomb attack outside a café in Jabal Mohsen, Tripoli, killed at least nine people.
Northern and north-eastern Beka'a Valley
Do not travel to any region in the northern and north-eastern Beka'a Valley. The conflict in Syria has led to regular violent incidents in these areas, including suicide bombings, air raids, rocket attacks, improvised explosive device (IED) attacks and kidnappings.
Other parts of the Beka'a Valley
Reconsider your need to travel to the Beka'a overall as the security environment continues to be unpredictable. On 31 August 2016, a road side bomb exploded in the town of Zahle, killing two people and severely injuring many others.
Regions within five kilometres of the border with Syria
Do not travel to regions within five kilometres of the border with Syria (especially the regions of Arsal, Hermel and Wadi Khaled), the Golan Heights, and Shebaa farms. Tensions between communities in these areas, as a result of the conflict in Syria, have led to repeated violent incidents.
Cross-border clashes, including air raids, have occurred since 2012. More are likely, as are exchanges of fire.
In August 2014, several days of clashes took place between the Lebanese Armed Forces and armed militants in and around Arsal resulting in deaths, injuries and abductions. More violence is highly likely.
Do not travel south of the Litani River, except to the city of Tyre, because of the threat of armed conflict. The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) maintains peacekeeping activities south of the Litani as a result ongoing tensions.
The city of Tyre has experienced few major security incidents in recent times. However, visitors should continue to pay close attention to personal security, monitor the media for developments and follow local authorities' advice. When entering and exiting Tyre, do not stray from the main highway north of the city.
Israeli forces remain in the southern border town of Ghajar. There are ongoing tensions in the surrounding region, including the Shebaa Farms, with shelling reported. While the presence of the Lebanese Armed Forces and United Nations forces in southern Lebanon has generally improved the security environment, more clashes could occur. The security situation could change without notice, s highlighted by the conflict between Israel and Hizballah in 2006. You could be caught up in violence directed at others.
Avoid areas where military activity is ongoing. Be ready to depart at short notice.
Palestinian refugee camps
Do not travel to Palestinian refugee camps in any part of Lebanon. Extremist groups operate inside the camps. The security situation in the camps is unpredictable and could deteriorate without warning.
The Lebanese state has no formal security presence in the camps. Armed clashes between rival factions and violent crime are common in some camps.
Violent clashes between the Lebanese Armed Forces and local militias occur sporadically in Sidon, particularly around the eastern suburb of Abra and the Palestinian Refugee Camp of Ein El-Hilweh. Heavy weapons are used. Sniper activity has taken place. Numerous deaths and injuries have occurred.
Recent indications suggest that extremists may be seeking to target Westerners in Lebanon, including Beirut.
Terrorist attacks are highly likely and could occur anytime at any location in Lebanon. Security services are on a high state of alert and continue to carry out operations to prevent attacks. If you notice a security operation is underway, immediately leave the area.
In planning your activities, consider the kinds of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided. Targets associated with the Lebanese Government, such as government institutions, senior politicians and officials, the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) and infrastructure, including airports and public buildings, have been attacked in the past and will continue to be targets. The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) has also been targeted.
Other targets could include commercial and public areas known to be frequented by foreigners such as buildings associated with foreign governments and companies and international organisations, embassies, hotels, clubs, restaurants, shopping centres, markets, grocery chains, promenades, bars, schools, places of worship, cinemas, outdoor recreation events, public transport and tourist areas.
Extremists have mounted attacks in the lead-up to and on days of national and religious significance, but attacks could occur at any time.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world.
More information: Terrorist threat overseas
Politically motivated kidnappings have increased since 2014. Exercise a high degree of personal security awareness. Be aware of your surroundings at all times.
Since July 2012, there have been reports of kidnapping for ransom, including of foreign nationals, mainly in the Beka'a Valley. There have also been politically motivated kidnappings of foreign nationals in Beirut and the Beka'a Valley.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers paying ransoms increases the risk of further kidnappings.
Crime in Lebanon is moderate by international standards. But crime rates have increased significantly recently, particularly vehicle crime, petty theft such as bag snatching (including by youths riding motorbikes) home break-ins and armed robberies.
Pay close attention to your personal security. Monitor the media for updates on developments which may impact your safety and security.
Armed security is present throughout Lebanon, including at road check points. Carry personal identity documentation at all times. Obey the instructions of security personnel.
Driving in Lebanon can be dangerous due to inadequately maintained roads. Snow and ice compound the danger in winter. Traffic conditions and poor local driving habits pose a danger to drivers and pedestrians alike.
There are many unexploded ordnance, including cluster munitions, and landmines throughout Lebanon. The highest concentration is in the south, especially south of the Litani River. Minefields aren't always clearly marked. Those that are marked can shift away from signage anyway.
- Seek advice from local residents
- Stay on paved roads
- Avoid walking or driving cross-country.
Roads, including access routes to the airport and border crossings, may be blocked during demonstrations and civil unrest. The airport can close at short notice. Check with your airline for up-to-date information and departure options.
Do not to use service (shared) taxis or taxis hailed on the street, particularly late at night. There has been an increasing number of reports of armed robberies of foreign passengers travelling in service (shared) taxis in which victims were diverted to isolated locations where they were robbed at gunpoint. Only use taxis from recognised companies.
The safety standards you might expect of transport and tour operators, including adventure activities, may not be of the same level as in Australia. Sufficient safety equipment may not be provided and recommended maintenance standards and safety precautions may not be observed. Always use available safety equipment, such as lifejackets or seatbelts, even if others don't. If appropriate safety equipment is not available, use another provider.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the
Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Lebanon.
Staff at the Australian Embassy in Beirut have been advised against travelling on flights that cross Syrian airspace. If you have concerns you should contact the relevant airline before booking. Flights paths are subject to change.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Crimes under Lebanese laws may not be considered offences in Australia. Religious law has the same standing as civil law, in particular with regard to Family Law (marriage, divorce, custody).
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our
Consular services charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
All family law matters, including child custody and divorce decisions are based on local religious laws. If you are involved in custody or other family disputes consult a lawyer before you leave Australia for advice on how religious law may impact upon your family circumstances. Lebanon is not a signatory to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
Lebanese nationals and non-nationals may prevent family members from leaving Lebanon if there are pending family court charges, even if the family members are Australian citizens. Australians and Australian-Lebanese dual nationals, including mothers with children, have been prevented from leaving Lebanon when relatives have legally placed border alerts (known as 'stop orders') on them where there are pending family court charges. The process of raising a 'stop order' may not be complicated. The Australian Government cannot prevent or overturn the issue of a 'stop order' on an Australian citizen.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include mandatory prison sentences.
Homosexual acts are illegal and penalties include imprisonment.
Serious crimes, such as murder and treason, may attract the death penalty.
Access to some areas of Lebanon is restricted. You may be detained and/or your photographic equipment confiscated if you photograph or film military personnel or installations, government buildings and major civilian infrastructure (such as power stations).
Australians may be prosecuted under Australian law if they fight in other countries.
Some Australian criminal laws apply overseas. If you commit these offences, you may be prosecuted in Australia. Laws include those relating to:
- bribery of foreign public officials
- child pornography
- child sex tourism
- female genital mutilation
- forced marriage
- money laundering
Staying within the law
Lebanon recognises dual nationality, but Lebanese citizenship takes precedence over the second nationality. If you're an Australian/Lebanese dual national you'll be treated as a Lebanese national by Lebanese authorities. This may limit the Australian Government's ability to provide consular assistance if you're arrested or detained.
If you're a dual citizen re-entering Lebanon on your Lebanese passport or identity document, ensure that your Lebanese documentation is in order and that you meet all entry requirements.
Take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
There are modest standards of dress and behaviour in parts of Lebanon, particularly at religious sites.
The Islamic holy month of Ramadan is due to begin between mid-May and mid-June 2018. During Ramadan, eating, drinking and smoking between sunrise and sunset is forbidden for Muslims.
Public displays of affection may cause offence in conservative and religious areas.
Some hotels require proof of marriage before granting accommodation to couples. You can be refused accommodation if you can't provide proof.
Healthcare in Lebanon is particularly expensive. Take out comprehensive travel insurance before you depart to cover overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation.
Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs. This can be very expensive and cost you many thousands of dollars upfront.
- what circumstances and activities are and are not covered under your policy
- that you are covered for the whole time you will be away.
Physical and mental health
It's important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
- At least eight weeks before you depart, see your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and implications for your health
- Get vaccinated before you travel.
Not all medications available over the counter or by prescription in Australia are available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
Take prescription medicine with you so you remain in good health. Always carry on your person a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating what the medicine is, how much you'll take and that it's for personal use only.
Before you leave Australia, check if your medication is legal in each country you're travelling to.
Be aware of possible health risks of Lebanon's ongoing waste disposal dispute.
Garbage has been piling up on the streets since a number of landfills were closed. Health concerns include possible water contamination, water-borne illness and increased air pollution caused by the burning of waste.
To minimise health risks:
- Limit exposure to uncollected waste
- Boil all drinking water or drink bottled water.
Cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) have been reported in a number of countries in the Middle East, including Lebanon. Other countries outside the Middle East have also reported imported cases from returned travellers.
A decompression chamber is located at the American University Hospital in Beirut.
The standard of medical facilities and care in many of Lebanon's large hospitals is of comparable standard to those in Australia. However there is no comparable public health system. Most recommended hospitals are private and very expensive.
There is no reciprocal medical agreement between Australia and Lebanon.
Doctors usually expect immediate cash payment for services and treatment can be very expensive.
Before admitting patients, hospitals usually require:
- guarantee of payment
- confirmation of medical insurance
- up-front deposit for services.
Where to get help
Depending on what you need, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, travel agent, travel insurance provider, employer, or airline. Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
Firefighting and rescue services: 175
Medical emergencies: 140
Criminal issues, contact police: 112. Always obtain a police report when reporting a crime.
Tourism services and products
For complaints relating to tourism services or products, contact your service provider directly.
Consular services charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular assistance, contact
Australian Embassy, Beirut
Telephone: (961 1) 960 600
Fax: (961 1) 960 601
Embassy website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
The Australian Embassy in Downtown Beirut may be temporarily closed to the public at short notice due to demonstrations and concerns about security in the vicinity of the Embassy. If this occurs, you should call ahead for advice before going to the Embassy.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the Embassy, you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Lebanon is in an active earthquake zone.
Bush and forest fires occur during the summer months (usually June to September), particularly in heavily forested areas. Avoid fire-affected areas. Monitor the media for the latest information.
Sand and dust storms are common and may pose health risks, especially to people with respiratory problems.
If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.
Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System