Exercise a high degree of caution due to the threat of terrorist attack and rocket fire. Terrorist attacks could occur at anytime and anywhere.
- Reconsider your need to travel to areas of Israel within 5kms of the border with the Gaza Strip due to the threat of rocket attack.
- Reconsider your need to travel to the West Bank, including Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah, due to the unpredictable security situation.
- Reconsider your need to travel to any part of the Golan Heights to the east of Route 98 near Syria, due to the threat of terrorist attack and the activities of militants on the other side of the border. Artillery and small arms fire from Syria have landed in the Israeli-controlled Golan Heights, including most recently on 24 and 25 June 2017.
- Do not travel to the Gaza Strip due to the dangerous and unpredictable security situation. Civilians were killed and injured during the military confrontation in July-August 2014. Exiting the area is very difficult and unpredictable. The capacity of the Australian Government to assist in such scenarios, and to deliver consular assistance to Australians in Gaza, is extremely limited.
- On 6 March 2017, the Israeli Parliament passed a law which gives Israeli officials authority to deny entry to foreign nationals who have called for, or belong to organisations which have called for, a boycott of Israel or Israeli settlements.
- Familiarise yourself with emergency procedures and how to respond to air raid sirens, including knowing the location of the nearest emergency shelters. Municipality websites maintain lists of public bomb shelters and other emergency preparedness information.
- In mid-September 2016, there was an increase in stabbings and other violent incidents in and around the Old City of Jerusalem and parts of the West Bank. Further attacks are likely. Pay close attention to local news, avoid areas of reported trouble, and observe instructions from local authorities. See
Safety and security.
- Pay close attention to your personal security at all times. Monitor local media and official announcements, as the security situation may change unexpectedly. In the event of a heightened security alert, security forces may respond by establishing additional roadblocks and by increasing the presence of security forces on the streets. Vehicle inspections may also be conducted and there may be heightened scrutiny of individuals and their belongings.
- Exercise caution when using public transport in Israel. Due to safety and security concerns, Australian Government officials and dependants have been advised not to use public transport, except taxis, in Israel. In planning your activities, consider the kinds of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided.
- Avoid all protests, demonstrations and political rallies as they may turn violent. Maintain a heightened level of awareness of current events and security developments.
- The security situation in the region bordering Egypt could deteriorate at any time. Recent security incidents have resulted in deaths and injuries, and the area remains dangerous. There is a continuing threat of rocket attack in this area.
- The security situation in the northern region of Israel could deteriorate without notice. The border region with Lebanon and Syria is subject to violent incidents, and there is an ongoing threat of rocket attack, artillery and small arms fire.
Travel smart for general advice for all travellers.
Entry and exit
Israel Government Portal for information on entry and exit requirements for Israel. Everyone seeking to enter Israel, the Gaza Strip or West Bank is subject to security and police record checks by Israeli authorities and may be refused entry or exit without explanation. You may also be subject to lengthy questioning and bag searches by security officials on arrival and departure. The Australian Government is unable to intervene on your behalf if you do not meet entry or exit requirements.
Travellers are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. Keep this card with your passport until you leave. The card is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be requested by authorities during your stay.
Israeli authorities have advised that travellers who arrive with the intention of protesting Israeli policies (including as part of flotillas) may be refused entry to Israel and returned to their country of embarkation on the next available flight.
On 6 March 2017, the Israeli Parliament passed a law which gives Israeli officials authority to deny entry to foreign nationals who have called for, or belong to organisations which have called for, a boycott of Israel or Israeli settlements.
Israeli authorities may impose travel restrictions on some visitors to Israel and the West Bank. The Israeli authorities have not provided clear information about which categories of travellers can expect to be subject to these restrictions.
Visitors entering Israel via the Allenby Bridge crossing who indicate they are planning to travel to the West Bank may have their passports stamped 'Palestinian Authority Only'. If a passport receives this stamp, the passport holder is restricted to West Bank destinations and prevented from entering Israel and Jerusalem. Be alert to which stamp you receive. Airport officials may require visitors to sign a form that prohibits them entering the West Bank. The Australian Embassy will have limited ability to intervene in these situations.
The Gaza Strip
Exiting the Gaza Strip is very difficult and unpredictable. There are only two land crossings into and out of Gaza (Erez, controlled by Israel, and Rafah, controlled by Egypt). Both may be closed or access highly restricted for extended periods, and both may refuse exit for certain individuals. You may not be able to exit the Gaza Strip even if you are in possession of valid entry and exit permits. The ability of the Australian Government to intervene in such scenarios is extremely limited.
The Erez crossing into the northern Gaza Strip from Israel is controlled by Israeli authorities. You must have permission from the Israeli authorities to use the Erez crossing, which may be closed or access highly restricted for extended periods. The Israeli authorities rarely grant permission for individuals to depart Gaza through Erez crossing, and the Australian Government is unable to influence the granting of approval or times when the crossing will open. Australian-Palestinians holding a Palestinian ID and/or passport can contact the Palestinian General Authority of Civil Affairs for assistance.
You must receive permission from Egyptian authorities to enter and exit the Gaza Strip using the Rafah border crossing with Egypt. Regulations and restrictions governing the border between Egypt and the Gaza Strip are subject to change. People who enter the Gaza Strip through this border crossing must leave the same way. The crossing may open or close at short notice. Once the crossing is closed, it is impossible to enter or leave the Gaza Strip through this crossing. You may be delayed in the Gaza Strip for an extended period (possibly months) while waiting for approval to return to Egypt and for the crossing to open. The Australian Government cannot influence the granting of approval by Egyptian authorities or times when the crossing will open.
Make sure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia. Carry copies of a recent passport photo with you in case you need a replacement passport while overseas.
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the nearest
Embassy or Consulate of Israel for up-to-date information.
Safety and security
Since September 2015, there have been a number of incidents of violence, terrorist attacks and unrest across Israel. There have been terrorist attacks in Jerusalem, including around public transport hubs and in areas visited by tourists, such as the Old City, leading to a number of deaths and injuries.
There have also been terrorist attacks in Tel Aviv in areas frequented by tourists, including Jaffa and Dizengoff Street. There have also been a number of violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli security forces around the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif, in suburbs of East Jerusalem, and in parts of the West Bank.
Some of this violence is spilling into other parts of Israel. Tensions remain high. Further incidents are likely. Pay close attention to local news, avoid areas of reported trouble, and observe instructions from local authorities.
Civil unrest and political tension
There is a high threat of civil unrest in Israel, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and the security situation could deteriorate without warning.
Planned and spontaneous protests can turn violent. Avoid any large public demonstrations, political rallies and gatherings (including funerals), pay close attention to your personal security and monitor the media for updates. There are regular demonstrations and attacks on vehicles if being driven on the Sabbath (see under Local customs) in and around ultra-Orthodox neighbourhoods and in East Jerusalem. Israeli security forces monitor large gatherings and may intervene. International events and political developments may prompt demonstrations.
Be particularly vigilant during Jewish and Muslim religious holidays, such as Rosh Hashana, Ramadan and Pesach.
Heightened tensions in July 2017 resulted in large gatherings, protests and violence in and around Jerusalem’s Old City, particularly in the surrounds of the Temple Mount/Haram al Sharif complex, causing injuries and several deaths. Large gatherings can turn violent with little notice. Avoid all protests, demonstrations and political rallies.
Tensions are particularly heightened before and after Friday prayers.
Israel has deployed large numbers of security personnel in the Old City. Anticipate heightened security in the area. Exercise particular caution in and around the Temple Mount/Haram al Sharif complex and the surrounding streets of the Old City.
There is an increased risk of violent confrontation at checkpoints, where options to leave the area can be limited. Australian officials have been advised to avoid traffic congestion at checkpoints.
During the most recent military confrontation in July-August 2014, over 4,000 rockets were fired from Gaza into Israel. Be aware of the risks of travel should further conflict between Hamas and Israel occur.
Familiarise yourself with emergency procedures and how to respond to air raid sirens, including knowing the location of the nearest emergency shelters. Municipality websites maintain lists of public bomb shelters and other emergency preparedness information.
The Israel Defense Force's
Home Front Command website also provides information on preparedness and on how to respond to rocket attacks.
During military operations, the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) may declare an area a closed military zone. Any civilians found in the area in breach of these orders can be arrested, detained in prison and, where considered appropriate, deported.
If you are caught up in military action or civil disorder, it is safest, in the absence of other advice, to remain indoors, monitor the media and adhere to the instructions of local authorities.
Gaza Strip and surrounding areas (including waters off Gaza)
Do not travel to the Gaza Strip because of the extremely dangerous and unpredictable security situation and the potential for further Israeli military operations.
There was conflict between Hamas and Israel in Gaza in July-August 2014. There is a risk that the conflict could resume at any time without warning. Some international media representatives have been prevented from departing Gaza.
The Australian Government has extremely limited capacity to deliver consular assistance to Australians in the Gaza Strip.
Do not travel by sea to the coast of the Gaza Strip in breach of Israeli naval restrictions or participate in any attempt to break the naval blockade. The Israeli Navy routinely patrols territorial waters and a contiguous zone. Attempts to breach the naval blockade along the coast of Gaza have resulted in the injury, death, arrest and deportation of foreign nationals, including Australians.
Large, sometimes violent, demonstrations and threats to Western interests have occurred in the Gaza Strip. Foreign nationals have been injured. A significant number of foreign nationals have been kidnapped.
If you are caught up in military action or civil disorder, remain in a secure location indoors and monitor the media for information.
Reconsider your need to travel to areas of Israel within 5 kilometres of the border with the Gaza Strip due to the threat of rocket attack. This includes the cities of Sderot, Ashkelon, Ashdod and Be'er Sheva.
Reconsider your need to travel to the West Bank (including but not limited to Bethlehem, Hebron, Jericho and Ramallah, due to the unpredictable security situation. Do not enter closed military zones even where these have been in place for an extended period such as in the old city of Hebron.
There are ongoing tensions and violence between Israelis and Palestinians in the West Bank. Stone-throwing and other violent incidents are common, particularly around settlements and military checkpoints. Tensions can arise at short notice and violence occurs in areas frequented by tourists.
There has been an increase in violent incidents in and around the Hebron area. Monitor local media reports and remain vigilant at all times.
Since Israeli military operations in Gaza began in July 2014, protests have occurred in several parts of the West Bank. There is a threat of further violent protests, particularly in areas near checkpoints. Large, sometimes violent, demonstrations have occurred in the West Bank. Foreign nationals have been injured. Avoid all demonstrations.
Israeli authorities may close crossings to the West Bank on local holidays and in response to security incidents.
Israeli security operations take place in the West Bank and can include military incursions. Acts of terrorism may result in an increase in the level of operations.
Strict security measures have frequently been imposed following terrorist actions, and the movement of Palestinians (including dual nationals who are Australian passport holders) has been severely impeded.
If you are in the West Bank and are caught up in military action or civil disorder, remain in a secure location indoors and monitor the media for information. In such situations, contact the Australian Embassy in Tel Aviv immediately.
Israel's border with Lebanon
Exercise particular caution if travelling near the Lebanese border and familiarise yourself with local security arrangements. There is an ongoing threat of rocket attack, infiltration attempts, retaliatory fire and other militant activity along the 1949 Armistice line of separation between Israel and Lebanon (known as the 'Blue Line').
There have also been isolated instances of kidnappings of Israeli soldiers. There is a significant military presence in the area. The security situation could deteriorate without notice.
Israel's border with Egypt
Exercise particular caution if travelling in the desert areas near the Egyptian border. Terrorists operate on the other side of the border in the Sinai Peninsula, where there have been attacks against foreigners.
Gulf of Aqaba and Eilat
As with our overall advice for Israel, exercise a high degree of caution in the southern city of Eilat and the surrounding area near the Gulf of Aqaba as the security situation may deteriorate at any time. This includes the border crossing with Egypt near Eilat. Recent security incidents have resulted in deaths and injuries. There is a threat of rocket attack in this area.
Syrian border area
Reconsider your need to travel to all parts of the Golan Heights to the east of Route 98 due to the activities of militants in Syria. There has been an increase in conflict on the Syrian side of the border since 2014, including cases of kidnapping near the border. Parts of Route 98 are sporadically closed due to fighting on the Syrian side of the border.
Occasionally artillery and small arms fire land in the Israel-controlled Golan Heights, including, most recently in late June 2017.
Exercise a high degree of caution due to the threat of terrorist attack. Israel's proximity to armed groups in surrounding territories makes it an ongoing target for terrorism. Attacks could occur anywhere, at any time. Border areas with Lebanon, Syria and Egypt are a particular concern.
Recent attacks include:
- On 14 July 2017, three assailants opened fire at Israeli police officers near Lions Gate in Jerusalem’s Old City, killing two and wounding a third.
- On 8 January 2017, four soldiers were killed in an incident involving a truck-ramming in Jerusalem.
- On 9 October 2016, one civilian and one police officer were killed in a drive-by shooting attack near a light rail station in East Jerusalem.
- On 8 June 2016, a terrorist attack killed four civilians in central Tel Aviv.
- On 18 April 2016, an explosive device was detonated on a bus in south Jerusalem.
Local and international political developments and events may prompt terrorist attacks. Regularly check the media for news about the region and possible new safety and security risks.
Exercise a high degree of caution when using public transport. Due to safety and security concerns, Australian Government officials and dependants have been advised not to use public transport, except taxis.
In planning your activities, consider the kinds of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided. Possible targets include commercial and public areas such as transport infrastructure (including bus stops, buses and bus stations), security personnel and checkpoints, clubs, restaurants, bars, cafes, internet cafes, fast food outlets, hotels, schools, markets, places of worship, shopping areas and malls, theatres, outdoor recreation events, pedestrian precincts and promenades, and tourist areas, including historical sites.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See our
Terrorist threat overseas bulletin.
Purse snatching, pick-pocketing and petty theft can occur. Violent crime is rare.
Theft from vehicles is a growing problem, particularly in beachside areas. Australians have reported thefts from unattended vehicles near tourist sites.
Money and valuables
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Keep it in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to
report a lost or stolen passport online or contact the nearest
Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
Checkpoints may be set up or closed at any time, often without warning, throughout Israel, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Travellers may encounter delays or difficulties passing through checkpoints.
Israeli car insurance does not usually cover travel into Palestinian-controlled areas of the West Bank, such as Bethlehem, Jericho or Ramallah. Separate insurance can often be arranged for travel to these areas. See our road travel page.
Exercise a high degree of caution when using public transport in Israel. Due to safety and security concerns, Australian Government officials and dependants have been advised not to use public transport, except taxis, in Israel.
The safety standards you might expect of transport and tour operators, including adventure activities such as diving, may not be of the same level as in Australia. Sufficient safety equipment may not be provided and recommended maintenance standards and safety precautions may not be observed. Always use available safety equipment, such as lifejackets or seatbelts, even if others don't. If appropriate safety equipment is not available, use another provider.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See the
Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Israel.
Refer to our general
air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
When you are in Israel, West Bank or Gaza Strip you are subject to local laws, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you are arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our
Consular Services Charter. But we cannot get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Information on what Australian consular officers can and cannot do to help Australians in trouble overseas is available from the
Consular Services Charter.
Travel documents such as passports and visas (or copies) must be carried at all times as proof of identity.
Penalties for drug offences include lengthy jail terms and heavy fines. See our
Under Palestinian law, the death penalty may be imposed for offences including treason, assisting an enemy and deliberate killing.
Islamic law applies in the Gaza Strip, including a prohibition on the consumption of alcohol and homosexual acts. See our
LGBTI travellers page.
It is illegal to photograph police and military personnel and buildings and places considered security-sensitive, such as military installations and some government offices. Exercise judgement when photographing people in Muslim and Orthodox Jewish areas and ask permission before photographing individuals.
The importation of religious materials for the purpose of preaching is not permitted in Israel. Such items are likely to be confiscated.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Familiarise yourself with local and religious customs and take care not to offend.
The Shabat or Sabbath (from sunset Friday until sunset Saturday) is closely observed in Orthodox Jewish areas in Israel. During this time of rest, driving and using electricity is restricted. In Orthodox neighbourhoods, driving of cars or use of mobile phones and digital cameras on the Sabbath is likely to cause offence. Public access to these neighbourhoods is usually restricted on the Sabbath. Do not attempt to drive into them.
Public displays of affection are frowned on at religious sites in Israel. Observe appropriate standards of behaviour if you are visiting Orthodox Jewish neighbourhoods. In the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, public displays of affection may cause offence.
There are conservative standards of dress and behaviour at holy sites in Jerusalem and in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
Unmarried couples (including same sex couples) are not permitted to live together or share hotel accommodation in the Gaza Strip or the West Bank.
The Islamic holy month of Ramadan is expected to occur between mid-May and mid-June 2018. During Ramadan, take care to respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. Avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public and in the presence of people who are fasting. For more information see our
Ramadan travel bulletin.
Information for dual nationals
Under Israeli law, you are considered to be Israeli if one or both of your parents are Israeli. Israeli citizens are required to enter and leave Israel on an Israeli passport.
Australian/Israeli dual nationals, both men and women, may be liable for military service. Australian/Israeli dual nationals who are unsure of their military service obligation should consult the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Israel.
Australians of Palestinian background who are, or who once were, holders of a Palestinian ID card are considered by both the Israeli and Palestinian authorities to be Palestinian nationals while in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip or Israel. If you are considered to be Palestinian, you may be required to obtain a Palestinian travel document. Australian/Palestinian dual nationals should also contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Israel for up-to-date information on entry and exit requirements.
Our ability to provide consular assistance to Australian/Israeli and Australian/Palestinian dual nationals who are detained or arrested may be limited.
Dual nationals page provides further information for dual nationals.
Take out comprehensive
travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
Consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. Get vaccinated before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The
World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our
health pages also provide useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
The standard of medical facilities in Israel is high, while facilities in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip are generally below Australian standards. Doctors may require up-front payment before commencing treatment and costs can be expensive. In the event of a serious illness or accident in the West Bank or the Gaza Strip, medical evacuation to a destination with appropriate facilities would be necessary. Costs for a medical evacuation can be considerable.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases can occur (including West Nile fever, brucellosis, leptospirosis and leishmaniasis) with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time.
In rural areas, boil all drinking water or drink bottled water.
A decompression chamber is located at Joseph Tal Hospital in Eilat.
Where to get help
Depending on your enquiry, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurer. Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
If the matter relates to criminal issues, contact the local police. Tourist police are available on 03-5165382.
If the matter relates to complaints about tourism services or products, contact the service provider directly.
Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and can't do to assist Australians overseas. For consular assistance, see contact details below.
The Australian Embassy
Discount Bank Tower
23 Yehuda Halevi Street (corner Herzl Street)
Tel Aviv 65136 ISRAEL
Telephone: (972) 3 693 5000
Facsimile: (972) 3 693 5002
Australia in Israel
See the Embassy website
israel.embassy.gov.au for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
Australian Representative Office
48 Othman Ben Affan Street
El Bireh Ramallah WEST BANK
Telephone: (972 2) 242 5301
Facsimile: (972 2) 242 8290
See the website
ramallah.mission.gov.au of the Australian Representative Office for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
In a consular emergency, if you are unable to contact the Embassy or the Representative Office, you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
In Australia, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Canberra may be contacted on (02) 6261 3305.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Israel and the Palestinian territories are located in an active earthquake zone. Flash floods can occur in the Judean Hills and Negev desert in winter months (November to March).
Sand and dust storms occur during the warmer months, as do bushfires.
For further information, see our
severe weather page. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.