- Exercise a high degree of caution in Iran. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times. Monitor the local and international media for information on developments which may affect your security.
- Do not travel within 20 kilometres of the Afghanistan and Pakistan borders, to Sistan va Baluchestan province and areas in Kerman province east of the city of Bam due to the dangerous security situation.
- Do not travel to areas within 10 kilometres of the border with Iraq because of the volatile security situation. Iranian security forces in these areas are vigilant.
- In late 2017, political protests took place in several cities across Iran. Some protests turned violent and there were reports of deaths and injuries. Avoid protests and large crowds and monitor the news and other sources for developments which may affect your security.
- Iran experiences regular, sometimes major, earthquakes. In November 2017 a 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Kermanshah province, western Iran, causing significant loss of life and extensive damage to buildings and other infrastructure. See Additional information.
- There is an ongoing risk of terrorist attack in Iran, including in Tehran. On 7 June 2017 simultaneous terrorist attacks targeted the Iranian Majlis (parliament) in central Tehran and Imam Khomeini's Shrine on the southern outskirts of Tehran. See Terrorism.
- Acts of political violence targeting foreign interests have occurred in Iran in recent years. See
Safety and Security.
- Political developments in the region may prompt large demonstrations. Avoid demonstrations as they can turn violent.
- Iran does not recognise dual nationality. It is highly unlikely that the Australian Government will be allowed to provide consular assistance to dual Australian/Iranian nationals.
- Ensure you take sufficient cash to convert to local currency (Iranian Rials) to cover all costs for the duration of your stay in Iran. International debit/credit cards are not accepted in Iran. It is not possible to transfer funds into Iran using the commercial banking system or money transfer companies.
Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
Entry and exit
Australians need a visa to enter Iran. Contact the nearest Iranian Embassy or Consulate to apply for a visa before travelling. If you are entering Iran via an international airport (not land border crossings), you can apply for a 30-day tourist visa on arrival. This must be paid for in cash. If you're planning on getting a visa on arrival, contact your nearest Iranian Embassy or Consulate for detailed information on requirements.
visas are a matter for the Government of Iran. The Australian Embassy is unable to intervene in visa issues,
including visas on arrival.
Visas and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the
Embassy of Iran for up-to-date information.
If your passport has evidence of travel to Israel, including an Israeli exit or entry stamp, you will be refused entry to Iran.
Failure to declare foreign currency taken into Iran may result in undeclared foreign exchange being confiscated on departure.
Laws for information for Australian/Iranian dual nationals.
Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months from the date you intend to return to Australia.
Safety and security
Tensions in the region have increased with the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Syria.
Pay close attention to your personal security at all times. Monitor local and international media for information on developments which may affect your security.
Demonstrations can be triggered by political developments in the region, as well as local political tensions.
- Avoid protests and demonstrations, as they can turn violent.
- Monitor the news and other sources for information on planned and possible unrest or strikes.
- Plan your activities to avoid potential unrest on days of national or commemorative significance
- Be prepared to change your travel plans in case of disruptions.
- If you're affected by transport disruptions, contact your airline, travel agent or insurer for assistance.
Violent protests against Western and other foreign interests: Attacks on diplomatic premises in Tehran have occurred in recent years. The missions of the United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia were attacked in November 2011 and January 2016 respectively. Periodic protests against some Western and Middle East embassies and UN missions continue. Monitor developments closely and avoid any demonstrations or political gatherings.
Border areas near Afghanistan and Pakistan: Do not travel to areas within 20 kilometres of the Afghanistan and Pakistan borders, to the province of Sistan va Baluchestan and to areas in Kerman province east of the city of Bam. Drug-traffickers and bandits operate in these areas and there have been violent clashes between security forces and drug traffickers. Violent incidents occur regularly in these areas, including bombings and shootings, resulting in casualties to security personnel. Travel at night is particularly hazardous.
Border areas near Iraq: Do not travel to within 10 kilometres of the Iraqi border because of the extremely dangerous security situation. Iranian authorities closely monitor border areas with Iraq, with Iranian security forces particularly vigilant in these regions.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See Terrorist threat overseas.
There is an ongoing risk of terrorist attack in Iran, including in Tehran. On 7 June 2017 simultaneous terrorist attacks targeted the Iranian Majlis (parliament) in central Tehran and Imam Khomeini's Shrine on the southern outskirts of Tehran. In recent years there have been bombings in the border areas of Sistan va Baluchestan and West Azerbaijan provinces.
In planning your activities, consider the types of places known to be terrorist targets and the level of security provided. Possible targets include embassies, hotels, places of worship, government interests and identifiably Western businesses and interests. Pay close attention to your personal security at all times and closely monitor the media and other local sources for information about possible new safety or security risks.
Despite relatively low levels of violent crime, reports of petty crime are common. Take sensible measures to safeguard your belongings.
Bags have been snatched by thieves in passing vehicles. Victims may be knocked down or dragged behind vehicles.
Money and valuables
Ensure you have enough cash to cover all expenses for the duration of your stay in Iran. Major currencies can be exchanged at numerous foreign exchanges in all major cities. International credit and bank cards cannot be used. It is not possible to transfer funds into Iran using the commercial banking system or money transfer companies.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Always keep it in a safe place.
By law, you must as soon as possible report a lost or stolen passport:
The number of foreign tourists visiting Iran has significantly increased in recent years. Unfortunately, there has also been a rise in scams targeting tourists. There have been reports of men in cars (purporting to be plain-clothes police officers) approaching foreigners and asking for wallets and identification, alleging they are looking for 'foreign drug dealers'. If in doubt, ask a uniformed police officer for assistance. Keep a low profile and only carry limited amounts of cash.
Iran has one of the highest rates of road accidents in the world. According
to the World Health Organisation (WHO), you are six times more likely to be
killed in a motor vehicle accident in Iran than in Australia. For advice on road safety, see our
Road travel page.
Women may be subject to unwanted attention and harassment. Take care when travelling alone, particularly at night.
If you're entering the Gulf area by sea, be aware that many areas are sensitive to security issues and territorial disputes. There are ongoing reports of vessel inspections, detentions and arrest.
Piracy occurs in the Gulf. For more information, see our
Piracy page. The International Maritime Bureau issues piracy reports on its
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has not audited those bodies responsible for air safety oversight in Iran. The European Union has operational restrictions in place for some of the aircraft in the Iran Air fleet because the airline has been unable to demonstrate that a number of its aircraft meet international safety standards.
There are serious safety concerns about ageing aeroplanes on many of Iran's domestic air services.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See the
Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Iran.
See our general
Air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
You're subject to the local laws of Iran, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our
Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Penalties for importing and possessing drugs are severe and include the death penalty. Foreign citizens have been executed for drug-related offences, including recently. See our
Homosexual acts are illegal in Iran for both men and women and penalties include the death penalty and corporal punishment. See our
LGBTI travellers page.
If you're involved in local legal matters, particularly with regard to family law (divorce, child custody and child support), seek professional advice and ensure you are aware of your rights and responsibilities.
are strong Islamic codes of dress and behaviour in Iran. Women are legally required to wear loose-fitting clothing which covers the arms and legs, a coat and
headscarf at all times when in public. Men should not wear shorts or sleeveless
T-shirts. These laws are enforced by local authorities. Women not adhering
to required dress standards may be subject to detention and other penalties.
Close contact between unmarried men and women (especially non-Muslims and Muslims) is prohibited and de facto relationships are illegal. There are severe penalties for breaching these laws.
Photography near military or government buildings and installations, critical civil infrastructure and public demonstrations is strictly prohibited and can result in arrest.
Encouraging the conversion of Muslims to another religion and behaviour considered to offend Islam may be subject to serious sanction under Iranian law.
The importation of all alcohol, pornography, pork products, short wave radios and printed and recorded Western material (including that of a religious nature) is strictly prohibited.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
The Islamic holy month of Ramadan is expected to occur between mid-May and mid-June 2018. During Ramadan, take care to respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. In particular, avoid eating, drinking and smoking in the presence of people who are fasting. See our
Ramadan travel bulletin for more information.
Information for dual nationals
Iran does not recognise dual nationality. It is highly unlikely that the Australian Government would be allowed to provide consular assistance to Australian/Iranian dual nationals who are arrested or detained. Iranian officials are unlikely to notify the Australian embassy that an Australian/Iranian dual national has been arrested or detained.
Australian/Iranian dual national males who have not completed military service may be prohibited from leaving Iran.
Female Australian/Iranian dual nationals may require the permission of their husband or a senior male relative to leave Iran.
Local authorities require Australian/Iranian dual nationals to enter and exit Iran on their Iranian passport. Iranian immigration officials routinely confiscate the foreign passports of dual nationals.
Dual nationals page for further information.
Take out comprehensive
travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm that your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for your medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
Consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. Consider having vaccinations before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, see your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up and discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition. The
World Health Organization (WHO) provides information for travellers and our
health page also provides useful information for travellers on staying healthy.
The standard of medical facilities in Iran varies. Facilities in remote areas are extremely limited. In the event of a serious accident/illness, a medical evacuation to London or Dubai may be necessary, costing around $A100,000. Some specialised medicines are in short supply. Bring any necessary medications with you.
Malaria is prevalent outside the major towns, particularly in the south and west. Other insect-borne diseases (such as leishmaniasis and tick-borne encephalitis) are common in Iran. Ticks are especially active from spring to autumn. Take precautions against insect bites, including using an insect repellent, wearing long, light coloured, loose-fitting clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof. Consider taking prophylaxis against malaria where necessary.
Water-borne, food-borne, parasitic and other infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS, cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, and tuberculosis) are prevalent. More serious outbreaks occur from time to time. Boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, and avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. If you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea, seek medical advice.
Where to get help
Depending on the nature of your enquiry, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, travel agent, travel insurance provider, tour operator, employer or airline.
If the matter relates to criminal issues, contact the local police. The national emergency number is 115 for ambulance service, 125 for fire, and 110 for police. English speakers are not generally available.
If the matter relates to complaints about tourism services or products, contact the service provider directly.
Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas. For consular assistance, contact:
No.2, 23rd Street
Khalid Islambuli Avenue
Telephone: (98 21) 8386 3666
Facsimile: (98 21) 8872 0484
The working week is from Sunday to Thursday, in accordance with local practice. See the Embassy
website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
If you are unable to contact the Embassy in a consular emergency, you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Iran is in an active seismic zone and experiences frequent earthquakes, including several major earthquakes in recent years. On 12 November 2017 a 7.3 magnitude earthquake struck Kermanshah province (in western Iran) causing significant loss of life and extensive damage to buildings and other infrastructure. Aftershocks are common following a major earthquake and could cause further damage to already weakened structures. See our
bulletin on what to do before, during and after an earthquake.
Iran often experiences extremely high temperatures. The temperature can exceed 50˚C in some areas during the hottest months of the year (July-August). Heavy snowfall can also occur in parts of the country during the winter months.
Sandstorms and dust storms occur regularly. Significant air pollution occurs in major cities in Iran.
For additional information to assist travelling in Iran, see the following links: