Exercise normal safety precautions in Portugal. Use common sense. Look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would in Australia. Monitor the news and other sources of information for changes to local conditions.
- Bushfires are common during summer months in the inland areas of Portugal. Monitor local media reports for updates and follow the instructions of local authorities. See Additional Information.
- Strikes and demonstrations affecting transport services occur regularly in Portugal, particularly in Lisbon and often with little warning. Monitor local media, avoid demonstrations and be ready to adjust your travel plans. See Local travel.
- Terrorism is a threat in Europe. In the past, terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities. See
Safety and security.
Travel smart for general advice for all travellers.
Entry and exit
Portugal is a party to the
Schengen Convention, along with a number of other European countries. This allows you to enter Portugal without a visa in some circumstances.
In other circumstances, you'll need a visa. Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the
Portuguese Immigration and Border Service or the nearest
Embassy or Consulate of Portugal for up-to-date information, including information about the Work and Holiday visa program.
Make sure you get a legible entry stamp in your passport when you enter the
Schengen Area (including Portugal) for the first time. Some low cost airlines have refused to uplift passengers who were unable to provide proof of entry or have overstayed in the Schengen territory.
Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months after the date you intend to return to Australia.
Carry copies of your passport's photograph page with you in case you are stopped by local authorities.
Be alert to attempts to obtain access to your passport by deception. If you're forced to handover your passport, contact the Embassy for advice.
By law, you must as soon as possible report a lost or stolen passport:
The currency of Portugal is the Euro (EUR).
Declare cash of EUR10,000 or more (or the equivalent in another currency) if you are travelling between Portugal and any non-European Union (EU) country. This includes notes and coins, money orders, cheques and travellers cheques. If you don't declare, or you give incorrect information, you will be fined. You don't need to declare cash if you are travelling to or from another EU country.
Foreign bank cards aren't widely accepted in smaller shops, restaurants, towns or rural areas. Australian credit cards are generally accepted at larger hotels and shopping centres.
Most ATMs have a daily withdrawal limit of EUR200.
Safety and security
Petty crime, such as bag snatching, pickpocketing and theft from cars, occurs in Portugal. Many thefts occur in restaurants and sidewalk cafes when travellers place bags on the backs of chairs or at their feet. Tourist attractions, public transport (especially the E28 tram to the Castle of Sao Jorge, E25 tram to Prazeres and E15 to Belem), railway stations, cruise terminals, museums, beaches, restaurants and hotel foyers are often targeted by thieves, especially during the peak tourist season of summer.
Thieves often target vehicles with foreign licence plates and rental car stickers, often by convincing them to pull over using the pretext of a flat tyre or another problem. Parked cars are also targeted, particularly at the Moorish Castle and Pena Palace in Sintra and beachfront areas of Guincho, Ericeira, Cabo da Roca, Boca do Inferno and in the Algarve. Avoid hiring cars with rental company stickers on the outside of the vehicle.
Robberies and assaults on foreigners have occurred in Lisbon and the Algarve area, including at popular tourist locations. Foreigners have also been robbed and sexually assaulted after having their drinks 'spiked' at night clubs.
- Pay close attention to your personal belongings, particularly in places frequented by tourists.
- Always keep your car doors locked, and keep luggage and personal possessions out of sight, when driving and when parked.
- Whenever you can, use a secure parking facility, especially overnight. Don't leave your vehicle unattended for long periods of time.
- Avoid using hire cars with decals or rental company stickers on the outside of the vehicle.
- Carry only what you need for the day. Leave other valuables, including your passport, in a secure location. Keep your passport and other identity documents separate from each other.
- Avoid wearing expensive watches, jewellery and cameras.
- Avoid ATMs that open onto the street, especially at night. Use ATMS in banks, shops and shopping centres.
- Avoid walking in quiet and poorly lit streets, especially at night.
- Don't accept drinks from strangers or leave drinks unattended.
- Stick with people you trust in bars and nightclubs.
- Include a card with your contact details in your wallet/purse. Tourist police in Portugal will always attempt to contact you if lost/stolen property is handed in to police stations.
- Be aware of scams involving the sale of fake tickets to attractions, such as monuments and museums in the popular area of Belem. Only use official websites or tickets purchased at the door.
- Accommodation scams, particularly in the Algarve, have also been reported and are on the rise. Arrange accommodation using secure payment platforms and websites.
- Monitor the media for information on safety and security risks.
Civil unrest and political tension
Strikes and public demonstrations are common in Portugal, mainly in Lisbon and Porto. Transport services, including buses, trains, metro, ferries and flights, can be affected. Demonstrations and other large public gatherings can turn violent.
- Avoid all crowds, protests and demonstrations.
- Monitor the local news and other sources for information on planned and possible unrest.
- Follow the advice of local authorities.
- Contact your travel or tour operator for information on your transport service.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world, including in Europe. In recent years, terrorists have staged attacks in a number of European cities. Targets have included public transport, transport hubs and public places frequented by foreigners. In addition, a number of planned attacks have been disrupted by European security services in recent years.
- Be alert to possible threats, especially in public places.
- Exercise particular caution around locations known to be possible terrorist targets.
- Report any suspicious activity or items to police.
- Monitor the news for any new or emerging threats.
- Take official warnings seriously and follow the instructions of local authorities.
- If there is an attack, leave the affected area immediately, if it is safe to do so.
Terrorism threat worldwide
Since 2015, there have been significant pressures on border controls in Europe due to the movement of asylum seekers. While the impact on Portugal has been limited, carry your passport when crossing borders, even within the
Schengen Area. Check border conditions through local news sources and transport providers.
Strikes and demonstrations affecting transport services occur regularly in Portugal, particularly in Lisbon, often with little warning. Monitor local media, avoid demonstrations and be ready to adjust your travel plans.
Tuk tuks are common in Portugal. Before travelling by tuk tuk, check your insurance covers you in the event of an accident. Always use a seatbelt and be aware of thieves who may attempt to 'snatch-and-grab' your possessions when travelling by tuk tuk, particularly in popular tourist areas.
Beaches and swimming
Deaths by drowning occur every year on Portuguese beaches and in swimming pools. You could be fined if you disobey lifeguard warnings or flags.
Never leave belongings unattended on the beach. Youth gangs have been known to congregate along the beaches between Lisbon and Cascais, and have occasionally robbed beach-goers.
Take warning flags on beaches seriously. The red flag indicates danger; never enter the water when the red flag is flying. The yellow flag indicates you may paddle at the water's edge, but not swim. The green flag indicates that it's safe to swim. The chequered flag means that the beach is temporarily unattended.
Pay attention to signs warning of cliff erosion and remain behind the barriers at viewing spots. Falling rocks are a hazard, particularly in the Algarve. You can be fined if you ignore warning signs.
Follow local advice if jellyfish are present.
Portugal has a high rate of motor vehicle accidents and road fatalities. Hazards include unpredictable local driving habits, vehicles travelling at excessive speed on motorways, poorly marked secondary roads, narrow cobblestone streets, blind corners, poor lighting and wandering livestock in rural areas, including in the Azores. There are occasional rock falls on regional coastal roads.
By law, all traffic accidents must be reported to the police. There are hefty on-the-spot fines for traffic violations, especially for drink-driving, speeding or using a mobile phone while driving.
Road safety and driving.
You can drive for up to six months with a valid Australian driver's licence, provided you also have either an official Portuguese translation of your licence or an International Driving Permit.
Taxis are generally reliable, but there have been reports of taxi drivers overcharging, threatening and harassing passengers at Lisbon airport. Some ride-sharing services are legal in Portugal.
- Take precautions to ensure you aren't overcharged, especially when transporting luggage.
- Request the taxi driver use the meter.
- Always ask for a receipt, which must be provided by taxi drivers on request.
Public transport is generally safe and reliable. Queues for tickets can be long and metro stations often run out of paper for the ticket machines. Rechargeable tickets are readily available for purchase and can be topped up at all metro stations. Tickets can be used on public buses, ferries, trams, trains and the metro.
If you enter Portugal via a sea port, including on a cruise ship, visa and other entry requirements apply, regardless of the duration of your stay. See
Entry and exit.
Portugal's Maritime Police and port authorities report that cruise ship passengers are targeted by petty criminals at the terminals. Pay particular attention to your personal belongings when disembarking from cruise ships or transferring to buses and local transport.
The Australian Government doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See the
Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Portugal.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our
Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
The personal possession and consumption of illicit drugs is an administrative offence which can attract a hefty fine. The selling or trafficking of illegal drugs is a criminal offence and subject to severe penalties, including jail sentences.
Carrying or using drugs
Gambling is only legal in establishments licensed by the government, such as official casinos. Games of chance are illegal if held on unlicensed premises. Organisers, participants and anyone on the premises can be arrested, charged with a criminal offence and fined or imprisoned. Check if the establishment you're entering is legally licensed.
Always carry photo identification that can be shown if requested by police or judicial authorities.
Some Australian criminal laws apply overseas. If you commit these offences, you can be prosecuted in Australia. Laws include those relating to:
- bribery of foreign public officials
- child pornography
- child sex tourism
- female genital mutilation
- forced marriage
- money laundering
Portugal recognises dual nationals. For taxation and other purposes, the Portuguese authorities consider a dual national living in Portugal to be Portuguese.
Take out comprehensive travel insurance before you depart to cover overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation.
Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government won't pay for your medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs. This can be very expensive and cost you many thousands of dollars upfront.
- what circumstances and activities are and aren't covered under your policy
- that you're covered for the whole time you'll be away.
Physical and mental health
It's important to consider your physical and mental health before travelling, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
- At least eight weeks before you depart, see your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and implications for your health.
- Get vaccinated before you travel.
If you need counselling services while overseas, contact the Australian Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra on +61 2 6261 3305 and ask to speak to a Lifeline telephone counsellor.
Not all medications available over the counter or by prescription in Australia are available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor. Before you leave Australia, check if your medication is legal in each country you're travelling to.
Prescription medicines for personal use can be imported into Portugal. Take sufficient prescription medicines to cover your entire stay so you remain in good health. Always carry on your person a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating what the medicine is, how much you take and that it's for personal use only.
Portuguese pharmacies generally carry equivalent medications to those found in Australia. However, they may be sold under a different brand, may not be available in the same dosage and may require a prescription from a local doctor.
Health risks in Portugal are broadly similar to those in Australia.
The standard of private medical facilities and care in Portugal's major cities is comparable to Australia. Public facilities, particularly in regional and rural areas vary in standard.
Costs for medical treatment are very high. Payment for medical services is expected at the time of treatment. However, private hospitals may seek confirmation of insurance cover or seek a guarantee of payment before admitting a patient.
Where to get help
Depending on what you need, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, travel agent, travel insurance provider, employer or airline. Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
- Firefighting services: 112
- Medical emergencies: 112
- Criminal issues, contact police: 112.
For non-urgent criminal issues, contact the local police at the nearest police station. There are also tourist police stations in Lisbon, Porto, Portimão and Cascais which can be contacted on +351 21 342 1634, +351 21 342 1623 or by email:
You can complete a request for a police report online after departing Portugal by contacting the Portuguese Police by email:
Always obtain a police report when reporting a crime.
If you become a victim of crime, you can also seek support from Portugal's Victims of Crime support unit, 'APAV'.
APAV – (Lisbon)
Rua José Estévão, 135 A, Pisos 1/2
Tel: 21 358 7900
APAV Victim Support
Portugal has a National Immigrant Support Centre 'CNAI' providing support to foreigners with resident status in Portugal.
Tourism services and products
For complaints relating to tourism services or products, contact your service provider directly.
If you're not satisfied with the response they provide, request the Complaints Book (Livro de Reclamacoes). If the service provider refuses to make the Complaints Book available, you can contact local law enforcement authorities (PSP, GNR) or lodge an online complaint on the ASAE website -
http://www.asae.pt/ (only in Portuguese).
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular assistance, contact the Australian Embassy in Lisbon.
Australian Embassy, Lisbon
Avenida da Liberdade 200 – 2nd Floor
Telephone: +351 21 310 1500
Facsimile: +351 21 310 1555
Australia in Portugal
Embassy website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision. All passport and notarial services are provided by appointment only. Appointments can be made online through the Embassy's website or official Facebook page.
If you are unable to contact the Embassy in a consular emergency, contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305, or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Portugal is in an active seismic zone and experiences regular earthquakes.
Bushfires are common during summer months in the inland areas of Portugal. In June 2017, a number of large forest fires in central Portugal in the Pedrogão Grande area caused deaths and injuries. Causing a bushfire is an offence in Portugal, even if unintentional. Visit the
Portuguese National Civil Protection Authority website (in English) for more information during bushfire events.
- Monitor local news and other sources for information about natural disasters and possible safety risks.
- If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.
Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.