Exercise normal safety precautions in Greece. Use common sense. Look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would in Australia. Monitor the news and other sources for changes to local travel conditions.
- Terrorism is a threat in Europe. Terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities in recent years. See Safety and security.
- Avoid protests and demonstrations, as they may turn violent. The likelihood of civil unrest in Greece may increase during days of national or commemorative significance, such as 1 May (Labour Day), 17 November (anniversary of the 1973 student riots) and 6 December (anniversary of the 2008 riots). See Safety and security.
- Greece has controls on movement of financial capital. However, daily ATM withdrawal limits don't currently apply to debit/credit cards issued by foreign banks for accounts created and maintained outside Greece.
- Be vigilant when travelling on public transport (especially on buses and trains to and from Athens Airport) and in tourist areas as petty crime, such as pickpocketing, bag snatching and slashing of luggage resulting in theft, is a serious issue. See Safety and security.
- Travel to the Greek islands aboard ferry boats and cruise ships can present challenges to travellers with mobility issues. See Local travel.
Drink spiking is a significant risk on major tourist islands such as Mykonos, Santorini and Ios. Buy your own drinks and never leave your drink unattended. See
Safety and security.
Since 2015, there have been significant pressures on border controls in Europe due to the movement of asylum seekers. Always carry your passport when crossing borders, even within the
Schengen area. See Entry and exit.
Strikes affecting air, sea and rail transport, as well as taxi services, occur regularly in Greece. Monitor local media, avoid demonstrations and be ready to adjust your travel plans.
Monitor the news and be prepared to change your plans in the event of disruptions or entry and exit changes. See Entry and exit.
Check with your travel insurer to ensure activities such as car hire, quad bikes, motorcycles, jet skis or “adventure sports” are covered by your insurance policy. Seek advice on any restrictions that may apply (such as if you aren't licensed for those vehicles in Australia). See Travel insurance.
A very high number of serious injuries and deaths occur every summer from quad bike accidents on the Greek islands. Avoid quad bikes. If you ride a scooter or quad bike, whether as a driver or passenger, under Greek law you must wear a helmet. See Laws.
Make sure you hold the right driver's licence before driving any vehicle, including quad bikes. See Local travel.
Entry and exit
Greece is party to the
Schengen Convention, along with a number of other European countries. This allows you to enter Greece without a visa in some circumstances.
In other circumstances, you'll need a visa.
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the nearest
Embassy or Consulate of Greece for up-to-date information.
Australian citizens born in Greece may encounter problems entering Greece on travel documents that use place names (for example, place of birth) not officially recognised by Greece.
Some Australian passport holders have been denied entry into Greece on this basis, particularly when attempting to enter Greece from the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Australian government officials can't intervene on your behalf if you don't meet entry requirements and are refused entry to Greece.
If you plan to travel to Greece with medication, make sure you satisfy the requirements described under
Make sure your passport is valid for at least six months after the date you intend to return to Australia.
Always carry your passport when crossing borders, even within the Schengen area.
Your passport is a valuable document and attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Always keep it in a safe place.
Be aware of attempts to obtain access to your passport by deception. If you're forced to hand over your passport, contact the Embassy for advice.
By law, you must as soon as possible report a lost or stolen passport:
Declare cash of 10,000 Euros or more (or the equivalent in another currency) if you're travelling between Greece and any non-European Union (EU) country. This includes notes and coins, money orders, cheques and travellers cheques. If you don't declare, or you give incorrect information you will be fined. You don't need to declare cash if you are travelling to or from another EU country.
Greece has controls on movement of financial capital. However, daily ATM withdrawal limits don't currently apply to most major foreign debit/credit cards.
Greek-Australian dual nationals are subject to additional restrictions under Greece's capital controls regime, which limits the amount of cash that can be taken out of Greece. The current limit is 2,000 Euros.
Safety and security
Petty crime is a serious issue and is on the increase in tourist areas, including Monastiraki and Syntagma Square (central Athens), and on public transport. Pickpocketing, bag snatching and the slashing of luggage resulting in theft of personal belongings are common on buses and trains to and from Athens airport.
Tourists have been the victims of serious physical and sexual assaults in Greece, including in Athens and on Greek Islands. Don’t leave drinks unattended as there is a risk of ‘drink spiking’ at major tourist islands such as Mykonos, Santorini and Ios, and on cruises.
Racially motivated and homophobic attacks have been reported in Greece.
- Pay close attention to your personal belongings, particularly around tourist attractions in central Athens and the islands, on public transport and on busses and trains to and from the airport.
- Don't tempt thieves – avoid wearing expensive watches, jewellery and cameras.
- Don't accept drinks from strangers or leave drinks unattended.
- Avoid walking alone in isolated areas at night, especially in the Athens suburb of Omonia, and the railway/bus stations of Larrissa and Peloponissos.
- Monitor local sources of information on crime.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world, including in Europe. In recent years, terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities. Targets have included public transport and transport hubs, and public places frequented by foreigners. A number of planned attacks have been disrupted by European security services in recent years.
Radical groups, with a range of political motivations, have conducted attacks in Greece. Attacks have involved the use of explosive or incendiary devices and automatic firearms. Fatalities have been rare, but injuries and substantial damage to buildings and vehicles can occur during these attacks.
Terrorist targets in Greece have included Greek Government institutions, former Government Ministers, the offices of Members of Parliament, foreign diplomatic missions and police. While foreign visitors haven't been intentionally targeted, attacks have occurred in central Athens near areas popular with tourists, such as Syntagma Square.
- Be alert to possible threats, especially in public places.
- Exercise particular caution around locations known to be possible terrorist targets.
- Report any suspicious activity or items to police.
- Monitor the news for any new or emerging threats.
- Take official warnings seriously and follow the instructions of local authorities.
- If there is an attack, leave the affected area immediately, if it's safe to do so.
Terrorism threat worldwide
Civil unrest and political tension
Protests, strikes and demonstrations occur in cities across Greece and can become violent, including, in Athens, areas around Syntagma Square, Omonia Square and Exarchia. Take particular care in Exarchia at night as riots by anarchist groups may occur.
Rioting can break out with little warning in Athens and other Greek cities, including Thessaloniki. The likelihood of civil unrest may increase during days of national or commemorative significance such as 1 May (Labour Day), 17 November (anniversary of the 1973 student riots) and 6 December (anniversary of the 2008 riots).
Air, sea and rail transport services, including taxis, are sometimes disrupted by industrial action. Strikes can occur with little warning.
- Monitor the news and other sources for information on planned and possible unrest or strikes.
- Avoid protests and demonstrations.
- Plan your activities to avoid potential unrest on days of national or commemorative significance.
- Be prepared to change your travel plans in case of disruptions.
- If you're affected by transport disruptions, contact your airline, travel agent or insurer for assistance. For information on possible disruptions to flights you can contact Athens International Airport information on +30 210 3530000.
Since 2015, there has been a significant influx of irregular migrants entering Greece, particularly on islands close to the Turkish coast, such as Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Leros and Kos. Expect larger crowds and possible delays in these areas.
Transport services can be disrupted by protests, demonstrations and strikes, which occur in cities across Greece, often with little warning.
Carry your passport when crossing borders, even within the Schengen area. Monitor border conditions by checking local news sources, and asking transport and tour providers directly.
The safety standards you might expect of transport and tour operators, including adventure activities, may not be of the same level as in Australia. Sufficient safety equipment may not be provided, and maintenance standards and safety precautions may not be observed. Always use available safety equipment, such as lifejackets or seatbelts. If appropriate safety equipment isn't available, use another provider.
Driving in Greece is hazardous due to aggressive driving practices, and poorly maintained roads and vehicles.
Traffic at major intersections may be under the control of traffic police who frequently won't deactivate the traffic lights. This can lead to confusion for both the pedestrians and drivers as the traffic lights may conflict with the commands of the traffic police. Always follow the commands of the traffic police.
Drivers and motorcyclists frequently ignore traffic signals and rarely yield to pedestrians, even when the pedestrian has a green signal to cross. Take care when crossing the road, including at pedestrian crossings, controlled intersections and on footpaths in Athens, which are very narrow and frequently obstructed.
Check with your travel insurer to ensure activities such as car hire, quad bikes, motorcycles or jet skis are covered by your insurance policy. Seek advice on any restrictions that may apply (such as if you are not licensed for those vehicles in Australia). Insurance companies won't cover accidents when drivers are intoxicated.
To drive any type of vehicle in Greece, you'll need both a valid International Driving Permit and your current Australian driver's licence. Your licence must be valid for the type of vehicle you are driving, including for cars, quadbikes, motorbikes, mopeds, scooters and other similar vehicles.
If you don't meet these licensing requirements, you could face a large fine. If you were to have an accident without both licences in place, your insurance may be void and liability for the accident could be fully attributed to you, as an unlicensed driver.
Obtain a valid International Driving Permit (IDP) prior to leaving Australia.
International Driving Permits are issued in Australia through state and territory motoring clubs. To obtain an
International Driving Permit contact the relevant authority in your state.
Quadbikes and motorcycles
Quad bike accidents result in a high number of serious injuries and deaths every summer on the Greek islands. Avoid quad bikes
If you ride a scooter, motorbike or quad bike, whether as a driver or passenger, always wear a helmet. Failure to do so is illegal and may also invalidate your travel insurance if you're involved in an accident.
Only use licensed taxis and always ensure that the meter is used.
Ferry and large catamaran-type vessels carry the bulk of visitors to the Greek islands. During tourist season, from May to October, travellers should be prepared for high temperatures and crowding at popular seaports.
Travellers with mobility issues should be aware that they are expected to board and disembark vessels rapidly with only one or two brief announcements made prior to departure. In most situations, passengers are required to ascend and descend stairs while carrying their luggage. Assistance with luggage is usually unavailable unless a private cabin has been booked in advance.
On some Greek islands, such as Santorini, cruise ship passengers are transferred to and from shore by smaller boats (tenders). Passengers embarking and disembarking from tenders may have difficulty ascending and descending stairs. Passengers who haven't made advance arrangements to be collected at port by a coach or taxi may find it difficult to obtain transport to island towns and other points of interest.
Ensure your travel insurance policy covers any existing health condition as well as your planned activities, including travel on ferry and cruise ships.
Australian-flagged vessels, such as sailboats or yachts, which sail in Mediterranean waters may be subject to various Greek/EU taxes and duties. Seek advice from the Hellenic Coast Guard or the nearest
Embassy or Consulate of Greece prior to travel.
The Australian Government doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See the
Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Greece.
You're subject to all local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our
Consular Services Charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of drugs, even small amounts, include heavy fines and prison sentences.
Carrying or using drugs
The following activities are illegal and may result in your detention and imprisonment in Greece:
- failure to carry photo identification, such as a clear photocopy of your passport, with you at all times
- carrying offensive weapons
- taking photographs of military installations, military personnel and locations where signs are displayed prohibiting photography
- smoking in indoor public places
- sexual conduct with a minor (under the age of 18 years)
- failure to comply with customs regulations regarding the export of Greek antiquities.
Penalties can be severe and include large fines and imprisonment. Driving offences also attract heavy penalties.
Information about laws affecting tourists can be obtained from the Tourist Police by dialing 1571 (locally). Tourist Police headquarters is situated at 43-45 Veikou Street, Koukaki 11742. Email:
Some Australian criminal laws apply overseas. If you commit these offences, you can be prosecuted in Australia. Laws include those relating to:
- bribery of foreign public officials
- child pornography
- child sex tourism
- female genital mutilation
- forced marriage
- money laundering
More information: Staying within the law
Australian-Greek dual national males, or those of Greek descent born outside of Greece, may be subject to compulsory military service and other obligations. There are penalties for non-compliance. Adult male travellers who hold, or may be eligible for Greek citizenship, should seek further information and advice from the nearest
Greek Embassy or Consulate, well in advance of travel.
Australian-Greek dual nationals are subject to restrictions imposed under the capital controls regime which limit the amount of cash that can be taken out of Greece. See Money.
Dress codes are relaxed in tourist areas and resorts, but dress modestly in locations such as religious institutions. Take care not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice.
Avoid public displays of affection, especially in rural areas.
Homosexual activity isn't illegal but isn't widely accepted in Greek society.
More information: LGBTI travellers
Take out comprehensive travel insurance before you depart to cover overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation.
Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government won't pay for your medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs. This can be very expensive and cost you many thousands of dollars up front.
- what circumstances and activities are and aren't covered under your policy
- that you're covered for the whole time you'll be away.
Physical and mental health
Consider your physical and mental health before travelling, especially if you have an existing medical condition.
- At least eight weeks before you depart, see your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and implications for your health.
- Get vaccinated before you travel.
If you need counselling services while overseas, contact the Australian Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra on +61 2 6261 3305 and ask to speak to a Lifeline telephone counsellor.
Not all medications available over the counter or by prescription in Australia are available in other countries. Some may even be considered illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.
Medications such as codeine (an opiate) are subject to special rules in Greece. If you are travelling with any such medicines, always carry a copy of your prescription and a letter from your doctor stating what the medicine is, how much you take and that it's for personal use only
Contact the nearest
Embassy or Consulate of Greece for up-to-date information before you travel.
Take prescription medicine with you so you remain in good health.
Before you leave Australia, check if your medication is legal in each country you're travelling to.
Outbreaks of food-borne diseases (including brucellosis) occur from time to time.
- Avoid uncooked and undercooked food.
- Avoid unpasteurised dairy products
Seek urgent medical attention if you suspect poisoning, if you have a fever or suffer from diarrhoea.
The standard of medical facilities and care in Greece varies in quality. Public hospitals have a serious shortage of medical supplies, including essential medication, and very limited nursing care. Friends and relatives usually provide around the clock care.
Private hospital costs are high.
If you become seriously ill or injured, particularly in a remote area or on a Greek island, you may need to be evacuated to Athens or another destination with the required medical facilities. Medical evacuation could be very expensive.
Public ambulance services can be slow to respond to emergencies and vary in quality. Private hospitals operate their own ambulances and provide better quality service.
Where to get help
Depending on what you need, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, travel agent, travel insurance provider, employer or airline. Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.
- Firefighting services: 112
- Medical emergencies: 112
- Criminal issues, contact police: 112.
- For non-urgent criminal issues, contact the local police at the nearest police station.
Always obtain a police report when reporting a crime.
A branch office of the Tourist Police assists with non-serious crimes and provides police reports and certificates for theft of personal items and lost travel documents. The office is situated 4 Dragatsaniou Street, Klafthmonos Square in Central Athens and is open throughout the year. Telephone: +30 210 3222230 and + 30 210 3222232.
Tourism services and products
For complaints relating to tourism services or products, contact your service provider directly.
Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.
For consular assistance, contact the Australian Embassy in Athens.
Australian Embassy, Athens
Thon Building, Level 6
Cnr. Kifisias and Alexandras Ave.
Athens 115 23 GREECE
Telephone: +30 210 870 4000
Facsimile: +30 210 870 4055
Embassy website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
Alternatively, you can get limited consular assistance (not including the issue of Australian passports), from Australia's Honorary Consul in Thessalonki.
Australian Honorary Consul, Thessalonki
Fragon Street 13, Suite 709-710
Thessaloniki 546 26 GREECE
Telephone: +30 2310 553355 ext 6
Facsimile: +30 2310 545235
If you are unable to contact the Embassy or the Consulate-General in a consular emergency, contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra on +61 2 6261 3305, or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Greece is in an active seismic zone. Information on natural disasters, including earthquakes and volcanic activity, can be obtained from the
Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
Bush and forest fires often occur during the summer months (June to September), particularly in heavily forested regions. If there is a fire, obtain updates in English from local authorities by calling +30 210 324 8098.
If a natural disaster occurs, monitor the local news and other sources for information about natural disasters and possible safety risks. Follow the advice of local authorities.