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Czech Republic

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Summar​y

  • Exercise normal safety precautions in the Czech Republic. Use common sense. Look out for suspicious behaviour. Monitor the news and other sources for changes to local conditions.
  • Terrorism is a threat in Europe. Terrorist attacks have occurred in a number of European cities in recent years. See Safety and security.
  • Pickpocketing and other street crime is common in Prague, especially on the road to the Prague Castle, at popular tourist sites and on public transport. See Safety and security.
  • Beware of criminals using fake police ID asking to check the authenticity of your foreign currency and passports. See Safety and security.
  • Some cross-border road and train services have been disrupted by the influx of asylum seekers into Europe. Be prepared for disruptions and to adjust your travel plans. See Local travel.
  • Australia has a Consulate in the Czech Republic, headed by an Honorary Consul, which provides limited consular assistance. The Australian Embassy in Poland provides full consular assistance to Australians in the Czech Republic.
  • See Travel smart for general advice for all travellers.

Entry and exit

Visas

The Czech Republic is a part of the Schengen area, along with a number of other European countries. This allows you to enter the Czech Republic without a visa in some circumstances.

In other circumstances, you'll need to get a visa before you travel.  

As visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change, contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of the Czech Republic for up-to-date information. 

More information: Schengen Convention

Other formalities

Children (under 18 years of age) travelling to the Czech Republic without a parent must carry a letter of consent from their parent(s) authorising the travel. If the child is travelling with one parent only, the letter isn't needed.

You'll need travel insurance, which includes health coverage, to enter the Czech republic. 

More information: Embassy or Consulate of the Czech Republic

If you're staying in private accommodation for more than three days, you'll need to register with the local Foreigner's Police branch. Take your passport, evidence of your health insurance and a completed 'Registration of Accommodation' form. This form can be downloaded from the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republicwebsite or you can get a copy at the local branch. Officers at local branches may not speak English.

If you stay in a hotel or other commercial accommodation, confirm registration is part of the check-in process.

Passport

Ensure your passport is valid for at least six months after the date you intend to return to Australia.

Your passport is a valuable document and attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Always keep it in a safe place.

Be aware of attempts to get access to your passport by deception. If you're forced to handover your passport, contact the Embassy for advice.

If your passport is lost or stolen, you must notify the Australian Government as soon as possible.

Money

The currency of the Czech Republic is the Koruna (CZK). Change money only at banks or money exchange shopfronts, which are common in tourist areas. Avoid money changers on the street.

Declare cash of 10,000 Euros or more (or the equivalent in another currency) if you're travelling between the Czech Republic and any non-European Union (EU) country. This includes notes and coins, money orders, cheques and travellers cheques. If you don't declare, or you give incorrect information, you will be fined. You don't need to declare cash if you're travelling to or from another EU country.

Safety and security

Crime

Petty crime, including pickpocketing is common in Prague, especially on the road to the Prague Castle, at popular tourist sites and on public transport. Passport and car theft is also common, especially during the summer months. 

Foreigners have been robbed in night clubs, bars and restaurants, including fast food shops in the centre of Prague and after accepting offers of help, particularly with luggage, at Prague's main railway station. Foreigners have also been robbed or assaulted after accepting spiked drinks from strangers.

Beware of criminals using fake police ID asking to check the authenticity of your foreign currency and passports. These criminals often work near ATMs. Police officers are authorised to ask for ID from any person at any time but they can't check a passport's authenticity.

  • ​​​Pay close attention to your personal belongings, particularly in places frequented by tourists and on public transport.
  • Carry only what you need for the day. Leave other valuables, including your passport, in a secure location.
  • Carry your European Union ID document or a photocopy of your Australian passport at all times. 
  • Don't leave valuables in your car.
  • Never accept drinks from strangers or leave food or drinks unattended.
  • Stick with people you trust in bars and nightclubs.
  • Be wary of offers of help from strangers, particularly at Prague's main railway station.
  • Only use ATMs in secure locations such as banks, shops and shopping centres.
  • If you suspect you're dealing with a criminal posing as a police officer, offer to go with them to the nearest police station, or call the police on 112 to verify their identity.
  • Monitor the media for information about possible new safety or security risks.

Civil unrest and political tension

Protests and demonstrations could occur.

  • Monitor the media and other sources for information on planned and possible demonstrations or other civil unrest.
  • Avoid crowds, protests and demonstrations, as they may turn violent.
  • Follow the advice of local authorities.

Terrorism

Terrorism is a threat throughout the world, including in Europe. In recent years, terrorists have staged attacks in a number of European cities. Targets have included public transport and transport hubs, and public places frequented by foreigners. In addition, a number of planned attacks have been disrupted by European security services in recent years.

  • ​B​​​​​e alert to possible threats, especially in public places.
  • Exercise particular caution around locations known to be possible terrorist targets.
  • Report any suspicious behaviour and unattended bags to police.
  • Monitor the news for any new or emerging threats.
  • Take official warnings seriously and follow the instructions of local authorities.
  • If there is an attack, leave the affected area immediately, if it's safe to do so. 

More information: Terrorism threat worldwide

Local travel

Since 2015, there have been significant pressures on border controls in Europe due to the movement of asylum seekers. Carry your passport when crossing borders, even within the Schengen area. Keep up-to-date on border conditions by checking local news sources and asking transport providers directly.

Road travel

Excessive speed is the main cause of road accidents and road fatalities. Roads in rural areas are sometimes poorly maintained.

  • Keep your car's headlights on at all times, including daylight hours
  • Your car will need a motorway toll sticker, available at petrol stations, to travel on major highways.

The Czech Republic has a zero-tolerance policy for drivers under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. 

More information: Road satefy and driving

Driver's licence

You need to be at least 18 years old to drive. To drive, you'll need a local or EU driver's licence or an International Driving Permit.

Motorcycles

Always wear a helmet. Only use a motorcycle if you have a motorcycle licence.

You can ride small motorcycles (engine capacity up to 50cc) without a motorcycle licence, but you'll still need a driver's licence.

Check with your travel insurer about any exclusions for motorcycle use.

Taxis

Some taxi drivers refuse to use taxi meters and can overcharge. Don't hail taxis on the street to avoid being overcharged. Instead, use a 'Fair Place Taxi' stand or call to book an official taxi such as AAA Radiotaxi, Profitaxi or Citytaxi. Confirm with the driver the taxi meter is running.

Public transport

Keep your ticket until the end of your journey and show it to the inspectors on request.

Rail travel

You need to book to travel on Super City trains. If you board without a reservation, you may be fined.

Air safety

The Australian Government doesn't provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in the Czech Republic. 

More information: Air travel

Laws

You're subject to local laws and penalties, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. Research local laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.

If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular services charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail.

Drug laws

Penalties for drug offences are severe and may include lengthy prison sentences.

More information: Carrying or using drugs

Other laws

It's illegal to photograph some buildings, including indoor shopping centres. These buildings usually have signs forbidding taking photos. If in doubt, check with local authorities.

Australian laws

Some Australian criminal laws apply overseas. If you commit these offences, you can be prosecuted in Australia. Laws include those relating to:

  • ​​​bribery of foreign public officials
  • child pornography
  • child sex tourism
  • female genital mutilation
  • forced marriage
  • money laundering.

More information: Staying within the law

Health

Travel insurance

Take out comprehensive travel insurance before you depart to cover overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation.

Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government won't pay for your medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs. This can be very expensive and cost you many thousands of dollars upfront.

Confirm:

  • ​​​what circumstances and activities are and aren't covered under your policy
  • that you're covered for the whole time you'll be away.

More information: Travel insurance

Physical and mental health

Consider your physical and mental health before travelling, especially if you have an existing medical condition.

  • ​At least eight weeks before you depart, see your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and implications for your health.
  • Get vaccinated before you travel.

More information:

Medication

Not all medications available over the counter or by prescription in Australia are available in other countries. Some may even be illegal or a controlled substance, even if prescribed by an Australian doctor.

Take sufficient prescription medicines so you remain in good health. Always carry a copy of your prescription or a letter from your doctor stating what the medicine is, how much you take and that it's for personal use only. 

Before you leave Australia, check if your medication is legal in each country you're travelling to.

More information: Prescription medicines

Health risks

Travel in forested areas brings the risk of exposure to tick-borne encephalitis and other tick-borne diseases. Ticks are very common in country areas and are active from spring to autumn. 

There have been a number of hospitalisations and deaths from drinking counterfeit or home-made spirits.

  • ​​Only purchase alcohol in supermarkets or bottle shops.
  • Ensure the bottle has an original, untouched seal around the cork or cap.

Medical facilities

The standard of medical facilities is good. Health care providers often need cash payment in advance for services, including emergency care.

Natural disasters

The Czech Republic experiences flooding, especially in spring. Other types of natural disasters are rare. 

​If a natural disaster occurs:

Where to get help

Depending on what you need, your best option may be to contact your family, friends, travel agent, travel insurance provider, employer, or airline. Your travel insurer should have a 24-hour emergency number.

Emergency phone numbers

  • Firefighting and rescue services: 112
  • Medical emergencies: 112
  • Criminal issues, contact police: 112 

Always get a police report when reporting a crime.

Emergency services operators routinely handle calls in English and other languages.

Tourism services and products

For complaints relating to tourism services or products, contact your service provider directly.

Australian Government

Read the Consular Services Charter for what the Australian Government can and can't do to help you overseas.

Australia has a Consulate in the Czech Republic headed by an Honorary Consul. The Consulate provides limited consular assistance.

Australian Embassy, Warsaw

3rd Floor
Nautilus Building
ul. Nowogrodzka 11
Warsaw, POLAND
Telephone: +48 22 521 3444
Facsimile: +48 22 627 3500
Website: poland.embassy.gov.au
E-mail: ambasada.australia@dfat.gov.au
Facebook: Australia in Poland, Czech Republic and Lithuania

​Australian Consulate, Prague

The Australian Consulate in Prague provides essential consular and passport services. You'll need to make an appointment in advance. To make an appointment call +420 221 729 260.

Unit 6/3
Solitaire Office Building
Klimentska 10
110 00 Prague 1, CZECH REPUBLIC
Telephone: +420 221 729 260
Facsimile: +420 296 578 352

Website: austrade.gov.au/local-sites/czech-republic/consulate/english

 E-mail: prague@austrade.gov.au

Check the Embassy website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.

If you're unable to contact the Embassy or Consulate in a consular emergency, contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre in Canberra on +61 2 6261 3305, or 1300 555 135 within Australia.

Additional information

Additional resources