Exercise a high degree of caution in Honduras due to high levels of violent crime and the possibility of violent protests. Be alert and pay close attention to your personal security at all times. Monitor the media and other sources about possible new security risks.
- Reconsider your need to travel to the southern suburb of San Pedro Sula (the Chamelećon) and the nearby towns of Choloma and Cofradia due to the very high levels of violent crime. See Safety and security.
- Reconsider your need to travel to the Department of Gracias a Dios due to very high levels of crime.
- Avoid demonstrations and large public gatherings as they may turn violent. Follow the local media and instructions issued by local authorities.
- Violent crime, including murder, robbery, burglary, kidnapping, carjacking and sexual assault, is widespread in Honduras, often involving firearms. See Safety and security.
- Use your judgement when selecting transport options and only use reputable transport companies, avoid travelling at night and travel in groups or with a tour due to the very high risk of crime.
- The hurricane season is from June to November when landslides, mudslides and flooding may occur. In the case of a hurricane, monitor local media reports and follow the instructions of local emergency officials. See Additional information.
- The Australian Consulate in Tegucigalpa provides limited consular assistance to Australians in Honduras. The Consulate does not issue Australian passports, but can conduct passport interviews and provide Provisional Travel Documents for emergency travel to the nearest Australian Embassy. The Australian Embassy in Mexico provides consular assistance to Australians in Honduras.
- See Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
Entry and exit
Pre-check your visa on-line with the Honduran immigration authority before you travel. Ensure your passport is stamped on entry, whether you enter Honduras by land, sea or air.
It is your responsibility to have your passport stamped on entry, whether you enter Honduras by land, sea or air.
Minors travelling with only one or without both parents or legal guardians must present a notarised letter of consent from the non-travelling parent(s) or legal guardian(s) to enter and exit Honduras. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Honduras for further information, including language requirements for consent forms.
Medication must be transported in its original container and have a clear label. Prescription and controlled medication must be accompanied by a prescription from the prescribing physician on letterhead stationery and include the medication’s generic name. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Honduras for a list of restricted medication.
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) change regularly. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Honduras for the most up to date information.
A valid Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required for everyone arriving from Yellow Fever endemic countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides a list of countries in which yellow fever is endemic.
A US$47 Airport Service fee is levied on passengers aged 12 and older when departing Honduras. When not included in the cost of your ticket, this fee can be paid in US dollars or local currency at the airport prior to departure.
Ensure your passport has at least six months' validity from your planned date of return to Australia.
Travelling to Honduras through the USA or Canada
If you are travelling to Honduras through the United States of America, including if you are transiting Honolulu or other American cities, you will need to meet US entry/transit requirements. Check your visa needs with the nearest US Embassy or Consulate well in advance of travel. Read this advice along with our travel advice for the United States of America. Airlines may not accept passengers bound for destinations within the US without evidence of an onward or return ticket.
If you transit or travel via Canada by air, you will require an eTA (electronic Travel Authorisation) for Canada. Information is available from the Government of Canada or the nearest Canadian
Safety and security
A significant level of crime and violence persists across Honduras. Violent crime, including murder, robbery, burglary, kidnapping, carjacking and sexual assault, is widespread. It often involves firearms and is frequently related to street gangs. Honduras has one of the highest murder rates in the world.
There have been incidents of mass shootings in urban centres.
Reconsider your need to travel to the Chamelecón district south of San Pedro Sula, and the nearby towns of Choloma and Cofradia due to the high levels of violent crime. Murder rates are very high, and criminal groups operate in these areas.
Reconsider your need to travel to the Department of Gracias a Dios due to high levels of violent crime, narcotics smuggling and the limited presence of police and military to maintain law and order.
Be alert and maintain heightened awareness of your surroundings at all times. If you are a victim of an attack, do not resist. Victims of crime have been killed and injured when resisting their attackers.
Foreigners have been the target of violent crimes, particularly in and around San Pedro Sula (including when departing the airport), on the ferry from La Ceiba to the Bay Islands, as well as in Tegucigalpa, Tela, Trujillo and in the area of the Copan ruins. Avoid discussing your travel plans in public as visitors have been targeted after being followed.
Armed robbery and car and busjackings occur on Honduran roads and highways, both in urban and rural areas. Carjackers often target vehicles leaving major airports. There have been frequent incidents of roadside robbery, including by criminals pretending to be injured. Consider using a reputable tour company or limousine service for travel to and from the airport and for longer trips.
Use reputable taxi companies recommended by major hotels and negotiate the fare in advance. Do not use taxis from taxi stands or flagged from the street. Pre-arrange your pickup with your hotel prior to your arrival in Honduras. Otherwise ensure you use authorised airport taxis. Airport taxi drivers wear clearly identifiable photo ID badges. Never share a taxi with a stranger. Note your driver's name and licence number. Ensure your driver does not pick up other passengers. Be prepared to pay with small notes as taxi drivers often do not provide change.
Report incidents to the police. Drive with windows closed and doors locked at all times to avoid potential robberies, particularly at traffic lights. Always carry a mobile phone in case of emergencies. Be especially careful if driving in isolated areas. Do not hitchhike or accept rides from strangers.
Sexual assault of foreigners has been reported. Avoid leaving food and drinks unattended in bars and places of entertainment as the number of 'spiking' incidents has increased. Due to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, if you are a victim of violent crime, especially rape, seek immediate medical assistance.
The risk of being a victim of violent crime increases at night. Travelling by bus or car after dark is particularly dangerous, including in San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa, other major cities and at beach resorts. Travel in groups and don't travel in buses or cars after dark. Consider scheduling the arrival at and departure from airports during daylight hours to avoid the risk of travel at night.
Wherever possible, walk in a group. Attacks on foreigners walking alone have occurred. Do not walk outdoors after dark.
Petty crime, such as bag snatching and pickpocketing, is also prevalent throughout Honduras, particularly at airports, hotels, bus terminals, shopping malls and other public venues where large numbers of people gather. Avoid showing signs of affluence.
Scams and credit card fraud have also been reported. Foreigners have also been robbed after withdrawing money from ATMs.
Local law enforcement authorities often have limited capacity to respond to the increasing levels of violent crime and assistance to victims of crime can be limited.
The Bay Islands: The Bay Islands are generally safer than mainland Honduras, with significantly lower levels of crime. Nevertheless, petty crime is common and violent crime directed at tourists occasionally occurs. Theft from homes and long-term leased residences also takes place in the Bay Islands. Avoid travelling alone and visiting remote areas, including beaches. Take particular care after dark and use reputable tour/dive operators.
Border areas: There are high levels of violent crime in remote and border areas of Honduras which often have inadequate or no police or security presence. Of particular concern are the Departments of Olancho, Colon and Gracias a Dios in the east, Cortes and Copan in the west, and Valle and Choluteca in the south where violent crime is high. Due to risks associated with smuggling activities at non-official border crossing areas, use only official border crossing check points.
Civil unrest and political tension
Avoid demonstrations and large public gatherings as they may turn violent. A number of people were killed during protests following elections in 2017. Follow the local media and instructions issued by the local authorities.
Participation by foreigners in political demonstrations is illegal and is considered a serious crime.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. More information:Terrorist threat worldwide
Money and valuables
The currency in Honduras is the Lempira (HNL). Australian dollars cannot be exchanged into Lempiras in Honduras. US dollars in either cash or travellers cheques are easily converted. Visitors are required to show their passport, or a certified copy of the passport identification page, when changing money.
Only use ATMs during daylight hours, preferably in controlled areas such as banks or shopping centres, and change money in hotels or banks.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Always keep it in a safe place.
If your passport is lost or stolen, you must notify the Australian Government as soon as possible. You can either:
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), you are nearly four times more likely to be killed in a motor vehicle accident in Honduras than in Australia. The safety standards on public transport are often poor due to inadequate maintenance of vehicles and insufficient driver training.
Use your judgement when selecting transport options and only use reputable transport companies, avoid travelling at night and consider travelling in groups or with a tour due to the risk of crime. Always drive with your doors locked and windows closed.
Incidents of crime along roads, including car and busjackings, are common in Honduras, including on the main highway between San Pedro and Siguatepeque and on the road between San Pedro Sula and Copan. There have also been attacks on the road from Limones to La Union and also from Olancho via Salama to Saba. Take particular care on the roads from Gualaco to San Estaban, La Esparanza to Gracias, and in and around Tela, La Ceiba, Trujillo and El Progreso. As carjacking and highway robberies are more common at night, limit travel to daylight hours.
Avoid 33 Street and southern San Pedro Sula when travelling from the airport in San Pedro Sula. Take route CA13 instead.
Driving at night is dangerous as many roads are poorly maintained and lack adequate signage and lighting. Pedestrians and farm animals commonly share the roads with vehicles. Check the road conditions before travelling (particularly during the rainy season) as many roads are regularly damaged by heavy rains, flooding, landslides and bridge collapses. Ensure you have adequate vehicle insurance before driving. More information: Road safety and driving
The most dangerous stretches for road travel are from Tegucigalpa to Choluteca (mountain curves); from El Progreso to La Ceiba (animal crossings, poorly maintained bridges); and from Tegucigalpa to Copan (mountain curves and poor road conditions).
Unmarked mine fields are located on both sides of the Honduras-Nicaragua border, especially in the Rio Coco region, the Choluteca and El Paraiso provinces, and in the area near the Atlantic Coast. Travellers Don't stray from known safe roads and areas.
There is an ongoing maritime border dispute with neighbouring Nicaragua, particularly in the northeast coastal region. Honduran navy patrols may board private vessels in the region to check documentation. Criminals posing as fishermen have also carried out armed assaults against private vessels in this area.
Due to risks associated with smuggling activities at non-official border crossing areas use only official border crossing check points. Border crossings are often not staffed at night. Cross borders in the morning to allow sufficient time to reach their destination before dark.
Scuba diving is a popular recreational activity for visitors to Honduras, however the standards maintained by diving schools, dive operators and rescue services may not be as high or comparable to those in Australia. Check the operator's credentials carefully beforehand and ensure your insurance covers you for all of the activities you undertake.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines or flight paths. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Honduras.
More information: Air travel
You are subject to the local laws of Honduras, including those that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you’re arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular services charter. But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Penalties for drug offences are severe and include lengthy prison sentences served in local jails.
It is illegal for foreigners to participate in political activities including demonstrations. Penalties include detention and deportation.
It is illegal to import religious materials.
Honduran law prohibits the export of firearms, antiques and artefacts from pre-colonial civilisations. It is also illegal to export certain birds, feathers and other flora and fauna.
It is illegal to photograph government buildings and facilities. Check with local authorities before taking photos.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australian overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Taking photographs, particularly of children and women, may be met with suspicion. Get permission from an adult before photographing children.
Information for dual nationals
The government of Honduras recognises dual nationality.
More information: Dual nationals
Take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart. Confirm your insurance covers you for the whole time you'll be away and check what circumstances and activities are not included in your policy. Remember, regardless of how healthy and fit you are, if you can't afford travel insurance, you can't afford to travel. The Australian Government will not pay for your medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
Consider your physical and mental health before travelling overseas. Get vaccinated before you travel. At least eight weeks before you depart, make an appointment with your doctor or travel clinic for a basic health check-up, and to discuss your travel plans and any implications for your health, particularly if you have an existing medical condition.
The standard of medical facilities in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula is poor. Services are extremely limited outside of these two locations. Doctors and hospitals will rarely agree to work with your overseas travel insurance company and expect cash payment prior to providing medical services, including for emergency care. You will be expected to pay in cash and seek reimbursement later. In the event of a serious illness or accident, medical evacuation to a location with suitable facilities, including to a third country, may be necessary. Costs can be considerable (in the tens of thousands of dollars).
There is a fully operable hyperbaric (decompression) chamber on Roatan island and decompression facilities on the Bay Island of Utila. Before diving, check that facilities are operational. There is no advanced medical care on either island for diving related accidents.
Mosquito-borne illnesses: Dengue fever and Chikungunya virus, transmitted from infected mosquitoes, are present in Honduras. There is no vaccine to protect against either. If you are suffering from a high fever, joint or muscle pain, bone pain, rashes and mild bleeding of the nose or gums, consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Malaria is also a risk throughout the year in Honduras and the Bay Islands, particularly during the rainy season (May to November). Other insect-borne diseases (including Chagas' disease and leishmaniasis) are also a risk to travellers, particularly during the wet season (April to November). Consult your doctor or travel clinic about prophylaxis against malaria and take precautions against being bitten by mosquitoes, including using insect repellent, wearing long, loose-fitting, light-coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
There is widespread transmission of Zika virus in Honduras. Protect yourself from mosquito bites. The Australian Department of Health advises pregnant women to discuss any travel plans with their doctor and defer non-essential travel to affected areas. Further advice for both females and males is available from the Department of Health. Also see our Zika virus travel bulletin.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including hepatitis, typhoid and tuberculosis) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. Boil drinking water or drink bottled water with intact seals, and avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
HIV/AIDS is a significant risk in Honduras. Exercise appropriate precautions if engaging in activities that expose you to risk of infection.
Severe air pollution occurs throughout the country during the dry season and can lead to serious respiratory problems.
Where to get help
Depending on your enquiry, your best option may be to first contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurer. Your travel insurer should have a 24 hour emergency number.
For criminal issues, contact the local police on 911. The national emergency number is 911 for police and 198 for fire services. Always get a police report when reporting a crime.
The Consular services charter explains what the Australian Government can and can’t do to assist Australians overseas.
Australia has a Consulate in Honduras, headed by an Honorary Consul, which can provide limited consular assistance. The Consulate does not issue Australian passports, but can conduct passport interviews and provide Provisional Travel Documents for emergency travel to the nearest Australian Embassy. The address is:
Australian Consulate, Tegucigalpa
Residencial Las Cumbres, 1a Ave, 3ra Calle
Bloque E, Edif Grupo Terra
Telephone (504) 2236-6936
You can also contact the Australian Government at the Australian Embassy in Mexico for consular assistance. See contact details below:
Australian Embassy, Mexico City
Ruben Dario 55 (Polanco)
Col Bosque de Chapultepec,. C.P.
11580 Mexico D.F. Mexico
Telephone: (52 55) 1101 2200
Facsimile: (52 55) 1101 2201
Facebook: Australia in Mexico, Central America, Cuba and the Dominican Republic.
See the Embassy website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the Embassy you can contact the 7 day 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
Hurricanes: The hurricane season is from June to November when landslides, mudslides and flooding may occur and cause extensive damage to roads throughout Honduras. In the case of a hurricane or major mudslide, monitor local media reports and follow the instructions of local emergency officials.
The direction and strength of hurricanes can change with little warning. Monitor the latest hurricane information at the National Hurricane Center website.
In the event of an approaching hurricane, monitor local media reports and follow the instructions of local emergency officials. Flights in and out of affected areas could be delayed or suspended. Available flights may fill quickly. Contact your airline for the latest flight information. The hurricane could also affect access to sea ports in the region. In some areas, adequate shelter from a severe hurricane may not be available to all who may choose to stay. Familiarise yourself with your hotel or cruise ship evacuation plans. Carry your travel documents at all times (i.e. Passport, photo identification etc.) or secure them in a safe, waterproof location. Contact friends and family in Australia with updates about your welfare and whereabouts. More information: Severe weather
Earthquakes: Honduras is located in an active earthquake zone. Familiarise yourself with local earthquake safety measures and follow the instructions of local authorities in the event of an earthquake.
Rainy season: The rainy season extends from May to November when hurricanes, flooding and mudslides may occur. Roads are often damaged and blocked and travel delays are common. Information on hurricanes or other severe weather conditions is available from the U.S. National Hurricane Center and Tropical Prediction Center at the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency or the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System.
If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.